In this issue:

  • The Loyalist Gazette
  • Residential Schools by the Loyalists; Long Before McDonald and Ryerson
  • Butler’s Rangers and The Road Trip of 1787, Part Two of Four
  • N.B. Black History Society opens new heritage centre in Saint John
  • John Baker: Loyal and revered: Ex-slave, a fight for the Crown and a ‘wonderful surprise’ in Sackets Harbor
  • St. Catharines’ Centennial Gardens renaming considered for Black Loyalist and soldier Richard Pierpoint
  • JAR: The Capture of North Carolina Governor Thomas Burke
  • The Death of Thomas Hutchinson, Former Gov. Massachusetts
  • JAR: George Washington’s Culper Spy Ring: Separating Fact from Fiction
  • Newport Historical Society: Staying ‘Cool’: 18th Century Men’s Clothing
  • Borealia: Unearthing a New Acadia
  • History of Labour Migration to Canada
  • Loyalist Quarterly Newsletter, June 2021, by Paul J. Bunnell UE
  • Events:
    • Fort Plain: Surviving the Winters Housing Washington’s Army Mon. 7 June
    • Assiniboine and Manitoba Branches: Loyalist Day in Manitoba: Sat 12 June
    • Toronto and Gov. Simcoe Branches – Loyalist Day Sat. 19 June @1:00
    • Bay of Quinte Branch June 19 & 20 War of 1812 and Loyalist Day
    • Moore Family Reunion 2021 Virtual on Sat. 17 July 2021
  • From the Twittersphere and Beyond




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The Loyalist Gazette
Members of UELAC and subscribers of the Loyalist Gazette will be pleased to know that the Spring 2021 issue is nearing completion and will be at the printer soon. Covid inserted itself into the process and slowed things. When this next issue has been finalized, the digital copy will be posted into the member’s section at
As has been our standard practice, about a year after its publication, an issue is made available on our public website at . Loyalist Gazette. Vol. LVIII, No. 1: Spring 2020 is there now. It includes major articles:

  • John Jeffries and North American Smallpox
  • Loyalism, Anglican Toryism, and Canadian Conservatism
  • Digby’s Oldest Loyalist Gravestone: Captain Jacob Getcheus & Black Loyalists
  • From New-Gate To Nova Scotia: Prisoners Escape From Connecticut’s Hole To Hell

An update on the status of the Spring 2021 issue of the Loyalist Gazette will be included here next week.

Residential Schools by the Loyalists; Long Before McDonald and Ryerson
It is a sad fact of Loyalist history that Canada’s first residential school for Indigenous children was overseen and staffed by Loyalists. As Canadians now begin to acknowledge the Native ownership of the land on which they live, it is also important that those of Loyalist descent recognize the role played by their ancestors in trying to mold Indigenous children into Europeans. It is a story that begins in the very first colony founded by Loyalists — New Brunswick.
After operating a number of schools for Indigenous and Black students in the New England colonies, the London-based Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in New England and Parts Adjacent in America decided to open schools in New Brunswick “for educating and civilizing the Indians in this province”. The colony was just two years old when the New England Company (its shorter name) appointed its first commissioners on June 14, 1786 to oversee the creation and staffing of the Indigenous schools.
Except for Thomas Carleton, New Brunswick’s lieutenant governor, all of the school commissioners were Loyalist refugees: Jonathan Odell, William Paine, John Coffin, Jonathan Bliss, Ward Chipman, George Leonard, Isaac Allen, and George Duncan Ludlow
Editor’s Note: These paragraphs began a four-part series of articles, written by Stephen Davidson UE, the first of which was published in Loyalist Trails almost two years ago on 4 August 2019. The four have been repackaged into one article which you can read here.

Butler’s Rangers and The Road Trip of 1787, Part Two of Four
copyright Stephen Davidson UE
On Friday, August 24, 1787, four veterans of Butler’s Rangers prepared to go before the Royal Commission on the Losses and Services of American Loyalists (RCLSAL). Part of a group of about 100 people who had travelled 660 kilometres from Niagara to Montreal, the men had been waiting for four years for the opportunity to seek redress for what they had lost during the American Revolution.
Two of the Ranger veterans that appeared before the RCLSAL that day had been born in Ireland and had immigrated to New York before the war broke out. James Heaslip settled in Beaver Dam just 20 miles from Albany. Three years after establishing his new home, Heaslip joined the Rangers, serving throughout the war as a corporal.
Although he had no witnesses to testify on the validity of his claims for the loss of land, a house, implements, furniture and livestock, the Loyalist veteran had a certificates from Col. John Butler, his former commander, asserting the Irishman’s loyalty and a second certificate from Robert Gutherie, the regiment’s surgeon, to verify that Heaslip had been “severely wounded in the service” of the king. The fact that Heaslip had been wounded moved the commissioners to note that he seemed to be “a fair man”. They recommended that he was to be “allowed as much as we can”.
Randel McDonell was the second Irish veteran of Butler’s Rangers to seek compensation that day. Before he joined with British forces that were laying siege to Fort Stanwix in 1777, he and his family were settlers along the Mohawk River in New York’s Tryon County. McDonell’s four sons joined the Rangers with their father. The latter served as a sergeant with the Rangers until the end of the revolution.
In addition to a certificate of loyalty written by Col. Butler, McDonell also had a witness speak on his behalf. Barnabas Skran/Schram did not seek compensation for himself from the RCLSAL. He made the long journey to Montreal for the sole purpose of validating McDonell’s testimony. Since the men had known each other as settlers in the Mohawk Valley, Barnabas could verify that McDonell had lost “pretty good stock”, that rebels had confiscated it, and that he once had a good wagon and good farming tools.
The friendship of the two men demonstrated a relationship that was common among the veterans of Butler’s Rangers who had made the “road trip” to Montreal. Many of them had known one another as neighbours before the war, had fought alongside one another during the revolution, and had settled together in the Niagara region. Their common experiences had forged strong communal bonds.
Christian Warner had his former neighbor, Benjamin Frelick, speak on his behalf when it was his turn to go before the RCLSAL commissioners. Frelick had been a character witness for Jacob Ball on the previous day, and would have Warner testify for him when he made his own claim for compensation the next day.
Like other Ranger veterans, Warner had left his home near Albany, New York to join General Burgoyne on his march from Quebec to New York in 1777. Rebels immediately seized his livestock, furniture and tools. Warner then joined the Rangers in the following year, serving as a sergeant until the end of the war. Unfortunately, Warner, like many Ranger veterans, did not go into the details of his service with the Loyalist corps.
Closely associated with Butler’s Rangers were those who served in the Indian Department at Niagara. While the former conducted raids on rebel strongholds in New York, the latter was responsible for maintaining good relations with the local Indigenous People.
Joseph Clement, a former Mohawk Valley settler, had joined the General Burgoyne’s forces in 1777, bringing 40 to 50 Indigenous allies with him. He later served in the Indian Department at Niagara as a lieutenant and as a volunteer. The Clement family obviously had close relationships with Indigenous People. Lewis Clement, Joseph’s father, and his brother John also served in the Indian Department where his father acted as an interpreter. Brother James was in the storekeepers’ department. Clement’s mother Catherine became a widow in 1780, and, like her sons, remained in the Niagara area after 1783.
While the Clement family lost land, furniture, implements and livestock, they were able to bring an enslaved African couple with them. A third slave –remembered as a good labourer– was confiscated by a rebel officer.
Benjamin Frelick, an earlier witness for Christian Warner, had his opportunity to speak to the RCLSAL on his own behalf on Saturday, August 25th. American born, he lived near Albany where he had “suffered terribly before he quitted home on account of his loyalty”. Finally, in 1778, he was “obliged to quit home” and joined Butler’s Rangers. After the newly appointed sergeant had left his home, “his family were driven from the place and the rebels took all” of his tools, horses, cows and hogs. (His claim to have served with the Rangers for six years is verified by the six-year gap between the birth years of his third and fourth children.)
Up to this point, the RCLSAL had heard from Ranger veterans who were American or Irish. When Henry Hainer stepped forward to make his claims for losses, he would be the first German-born member of the Rangers to seek compensation. Hainer told the commissioners that he had come to New York’s Ulster County 22 years earlier. After he was compelled to seek sanctuary in Canada, he and his son joined the Rangers and served for three years. Like other Loyalists, he had his worldly goods confiscated and sold by local rebels when he joined the British forces.
Despite having a very German sounding name, Johan Joost Petrie introduced himself to the compensation board as being American-born and a settler at German Flats before the outbreak of war. Petrie owned 100 acres of land, had a variety of livestock, and had built himself a log house and barn.
His former neighbour, Mrs. Dorothy Thompson, testified that Petrie was “very loyal from the first and suffered a great deal from it”. She remembered that some of the veteran’s livestock was taken by rebels and some was simply left behind because the Petrie family could not take it away with them when they fled through the woods to Canada. This was the only time that a Loyalist woman spoke on behalf of one of Butler’s Rangers during the Montreal hearings.
Like other members of his Loyalist corps, Petrie had initially joined the British forces during the siege of Fort Stanwix in 1777, and then joined the Rangers as a private. At the end of the revolution, he remained in the Niagara area, settling down with the men who had been his brothers in arms.
The day following the hearings for these three veterans was a Sunday. There were no further sessions until Monday. The stories of the seven veterans who went before the RCLSAL on that day will be told in next week’s Loyalist Trails.
To secure permission to reprint this article contact the author at

N.B. Black History Society opens new heritage centre in Saint John
By Nick Moore, CTV
SAINT JOHN, N.B. — The presentation and collection of Black history in New Brunswick has a new home.
A grand opening for the New Brunswick Black History Society’s new Black History Heritage Centre will happen in a few weeks, however the location in Brunswick Square is now open to the public for a ‘soft launch.’
Ralph Thomas of the New Brunswick Black History Society says it’s the first time so much of the province’s shared Black history has been displayed together in one space. Read more…

John Baker: Loyal and revered: Ex-slave, a fight for the Crown and a ‘wonderful surprise’ in Sackets Harbor
By Chris Brock 30 May 2021
A cross-border collaboration fueled by an annual conference in Cornwall, Ontario, is helping to honor the life of a Canadian soldier who was born a slave, set free after the death of his owner and fought for the British Crown.
One of his battles was at the second Battle of Sackets Harbor on May 29, 1813 when British forces tried and failed to capture the town, which was the principal dockyard and base for the American naval squadron on Lake Ontario. The National Park Service listed the battle as one of the 20 most significant of the War of 1812.
John Baker, the former slave and soldier, lived in Cornwall into his 90s until his death. He fought with the 104th Regiment of the British Crown Forces. The Sackets Harbor battle was just one of the battles he saw. He is believed by his researchers to be the last person born into slavery in Canada to die. Read more…

St. Catharines’ Centennial Gardens renaming considered for Black Loyalist and soldier Richard Pierpoint
By Karena Walter in The Standard
30 May 2021
St. Catharines city council will consider renaming Centennial Gardens in honour one of the region’s first Black settlers and one of its most remarkable historical figures, Butler’s Ranger Richard Pierpoint.
The park off Oakdale Avenue is Pierpoint’s former farmland, still carries his nickname with Dick’s Creek and is where a provincial plaque for him can be found.
“It’s about time he receives recognition,” said Rochelle Bush, a historian and trustee at the Salem Chapel BME church in St. Catharines.
“We’re not looking for a name change for a runaway slave. We’re asking for a name change for someone who was a defender of the Crown and Upper Canada.” Read more…

JAR: The Capture of North Carolina Governor Thomas Burke
by Travis Copeland 31 May 2021
When the vote came on Tuesday, July 26, 1781, before the House’s evening adjournment, it was Thomas Burke’s turn to hold the Executive office of North Carolina, beating out Samuel Johnson. With the votes tallied, the legislature proclaimed to the Wake Court House in Raleigh that the, “the Honbl. Thomas Burke, Esquire” is requested in “attendance at the State House to qualify as Governor and have the Honors of Government conferred on him.” As the legislature adjourned at 5 o’clock for dinner and an evening break, it dispatched a letter to inform Burke of the joint vote of both houses of North Carolina’s legislature. Just after dinner, Burke responded promptly from his temporary residence, writing, “I feel myself impressed with a deep sense of gratitude to the representative Body of my Country for this unexpected Honor and distinguished mark of their confidence.”
Born in Ireland, Burke was a well-educated doctor and lawyer who came to reside in Orange County, North Carolina, in the town of Hillsborough. Hillsborough’s central location in the colony, Burke’s educational depth, and the town’s nearness to the governing seat created avenues for Burke to grow in influence. A Patriot to the marrow, Burke received the privilege of serving in the Second Continental Congress from 1777-1781 alongside William Hooper and Joseph Hewes, both signers of the Declaration of Independence for North Carolina. After resigning his seat in 1781, Thomas Burke became Patriot governor of North Carolina.
Burke came to the executive office after the dramatic events of Spring 1781. British Gen. Charles, Lord Cornwallis and Patriot Gen. Nathanael Greene had already clashed at Guilford Courthouse in March. Greene decided to press south into South Carolina, and Cornwallis pushed northward to offer further British support in Virginia. The war in North Carolina shifted back into the hands of factional militia leaders. Read more…

The Death of Thomas Hutchinson, Former Gov. Massachusetts
J.L. Bell 3 June 2021
Thomas Hutchinson was born on 9 Sept 1711 to a wealthy Boston merchant. His father valued education so much that he funded the building of a new Latin School in the family’s North End neighborhood. Naturally, of course, that school benefited the Hutchinson boys.
Thomas went on to Harvard College and then a mercantile career of his own. But his real interests lay in two other professions:

  • researching and writing history, culminating in the two volumes of his History of the Province of Massachusetts-Bay and a manuscript for a third, published in the 1800s.
  • politics.

Read more about his political career, rise to Governor in 1769, remove to London and his death.

JAR: George Washington’s Culper Spy Ring: Separating Fact from Fiction
by Bill Bleyer 3 June 2921
The efforts of a group of self-taught Patriot spies who would later become known as the Culper Spy Ring played an important role in winning independence from Great Britain. But their story still has many missing pieces, and unfortunately legend and even unsubstantiated speculation have filled the gaps.
From experience in the French and Indian War, the Continental Army commander, Gen. George Washington, knew that gaining intelligence of British military actions through a spy network was critical if his underdog army was to have a chance of successfully fighting the one of the strongest military powers in the world. So when the British gained control of New York City and Long Island in autumn 1776, Washington began a long and difficult process of creating an espionage operation in the region.
Historians have long been fascinated by the intelligence efforts undertaken by enthusiastic amateurs. In more than a dozen books, researchers have tried to sort out who was involved and exactly what their roles were. The biggest mystery was the identity of Culper Junior, the chief spy in Manhattan in the later years of the war. Most of the spy ring operatives identified themselves or were identified after the war, but not Culper Junior. So when Long Island historian Morton Pennypacker revealed him to have been Robert Townsend of Oyster Bay in 1930 and then proved it with document analysis nine years later, it generated considerable attention. Read more…

Newport Historical Society: Staying ‘Cool’: 18th Century Men’s Clothing
Before the advent of air conditioning and heating systems, people relied on clothing to help regulate their temperature. From linen jackets to thick woolen socks, learn the articles of clothing men in the 18th century would have used to keep both comfortable and stylish.
This video is presented by living historian Seán O’Brien, Newport Historical Society’s Visiting Curator of Living History. It is part of our “History at Home” initiative, which strives to continue our mission of education, information dissemination, and use of the collections for research and enjoyment during the COVID-19 pandemic. Watch video (3 min)

Borealia: Unearthing a New Acadia
By Hilary Doda 31 May 2021
A small green glass jewel in a plated metal setting emerged from an archaeological dig at the former Acadian settlement of Beaubassin eight years ago. The paste stone was less than a centimeter across, barely 11 mm once you include the deep metal setting. A curled metal wire looped through a hole in the back, the delicate wire no longer attached to the object that belonged at the other end. The green glass gemstone has a remarkable depth of colour and was shaped to resemble an emerald. Decorated around the edges with molded details, and remnants of a silver-coloured plating still evident in spots on the setting, this small piece of finery found at a 270-year-old settlement has a story to tell.
Material culture studies is one of those new interdisciplinary fields that straddles the boundaries of anthropology, history, cultural geography, science, and technology. A dozen different fields all come together in this discipline, which focuses on the exploration of objects as conveyers of cultural and historical meaning. Dress studies, a major subset of material culture studies, focuses specifically on those objects and processes which adorn, change, and delineate the boundaries of the human body. We look at the things that go on, in, through and over the body, and explore the ways in which those things can give us insight into life in different time periods, places, and systems.
One of my recent research projects has been exactly that, using artifacts discovered at a series of pre-Deportation Acadian sites to gain a clearer understanding of how Acadians dressed during their early settlement period, and what that can tell us about how they saw themselves. Read more…

History of Labour Migration to Canada
The Canadian Encyclopedia 2 June 2021
Canada’s economic development has relied upon the labour and economic contributions of thousands of immigrant and migrant workers…
…Throughout the 18th and early 19th centuries, migrants contributed to the agricultural economy of British North America. Agricultural land was granted to United Empire Loyalists, who emigrated from the United States in response to the American Revolution (see Loyalists in Canada; American Revolution — Invasion of Canada). Similarly, Europeans fleeing the economic depression that followed the end of the Napoleonic Wars sought opportunities to settle agricultural land. Many of these migrants would end up permanently settling in Canada. Read more…

Loyalist Quarterly Newsletter, June 2021, by Paul J. Bunnell UE
Published since 2004, the June 2021 issue is now available. At twenty-six pages, it features:

  • New Book on Nova Scotia Loyalists
  • Minutes and records of the Land Boards accumulated by the Executive Council Office: C-14027
  • Loyalist’s vs Patriots the Arguments
  • Patriots, Loyalists, and Neutrals
    • Friends and the American Revolution
    • Quakers who were U.E. Loyalists Randy Saylor
    • Many Faces of Division

Vol. 18 Part 2 June 2021 Quarterly Issue “In Publication since 2004”
Editor: Paul J. Bunnell, UE, Author, Koasek Abenaki Chief;; 978-337-9085, 49 Pleasant St., #106, Alstead, NH 03602
The Only U.S. Newsletter Devoted to The study of The American Loyalists
Subscription Rate: $22 U.S. $24 Can. $5 each copy — (March, June, September, December issues)


Fort Plain: Surviving the Winters Housing Washington’s Army by Steven Elliott Mon. 7 June @7:00 EST

George Washington and his Continental Army braving the frigid winter at Valley Forge form an iconic image in the popular history of the American Revolution. Such winter camps, Steven Elliott tells us in Surviving the Winters, were also a critical factor in the waging and winning of the War of Independence. Exploring the inner workings of the Continental Army through the prism of its encampments, this book is the first to show how camp construction and administration played a crucial role in Patriot strategy during the war. Details and registration.

Assiniboine and Manitoba Branches: Loyalist Day in Manitoba: Sat 12 June

Not this year; Covid-19 interferes yet again.
Loyalist Day in Manitoba is officially on 12 June to commemorate the date of the Royal Proclamation opening land west of the Ottawa Valley for settlement. The Proclamation is prepared by the Multicultural Secretariat and read in the Manitoba Legislature by the appropriate minister. As the legislature may well not be sitting on June 12, the minister decides what date the Proclamation will be read.
On that date,. the Loyalist flag is flown in Memorial Park, in front of the Legislature. Members of both the Manitoba and Assiniboine Branches, dressed in period costume, sit in the visitors’ gallery for the reading. Afterwards, attendees gather at a local restaurant for lunch.
Due to Covid-19, the observation was not held in 2020 nor will it be in 2021. For more information, contact Mary Steinhoff <>

Toronto and Gov. Simcoe Branches – “Loyalist Day” Sat. 19 June @1:00

This celebration of our Loyalist ancestors on Loyalist Day in Ontario will review the evolution of Ontario from purely lands of the Indigenous Nations through the province of Ontario, the Loyalist Associations from the 1884 centenary to 1997 and then Loyalist Day itself. Some will discuss “My Loyalist Ancestor”.
June 19, at 1:00pm, on Zoom; Register here

Bay of Quinte Branch Commemorations June 19 & 20 War of 1812 and Loyalist Day

Unveiling of the UEL Burial Ground Plaque and the marking of eleven War of 1812 Veterans at the Lutheran Union Cemetery. Hosted by the Canadian Fencibles, Bay of Quinte Branch of the UELAC and Loyalist Township.
Saturday 19 June 2021 at 11:00 AM
Join Zoom Meeting
Meeting ID: 869 8200 8334

The Canadian Fencibles and the UEL Heritage Centre & Park are hosting the marking of eight War of 1812 Veterans at the St. Alban’s and UEL Memorial Cemeteries at 10am on Sunday June 20th.
Join Zoom Meeting
Meeting ID: 847 0874 6009

UEL Flag Raising at the UEL Memorial Cemetery in Adolphustown hosted by the Bay of Quinte Branch of the UELAC, Canadian Fencibles and King’s Royal Yorkers.
UEL Flag Raising Sunday 20 June 2021 at 1:00 PM
Join Zoom Meeting
Meeting ID: 828 8708 1100

Moore Family Reunion 2021 Virtual on Sat. 17 July 2021 @1:30 for 2:00 ET until 5:15

A gathering of the descendants and friends of Samuel Moore I, of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and the Province of New Jersey, born c. 1630, and his great-grandson, United Empire Loyalist Samuel Moore of Upper Canada, formerly of the Provinces of New Jersey and Nova Scotia, born 1742, died 1822, Norwich Upper Canada
Presentation topics:

  • The Flushing Remonstrance: An Examination of Founding Contributions Made by the Colonial Ancestors of the Moore and Hicks Families to the Establishment of Now Universally Recognized Rights and Freedoms, Including Freedoms of Speech, Assembly and Religion; John Hicks
  • Whence Cometh Samuel?: Tracing the Lineage of the Honourable Samuel Moore I, of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and the Province of New Jersey; Bob Moore
  • Colonialism, Fundamental Freedoms, and Connection to the Land: How Understanding the Ancestors Deepens Our Sense of Belonging in the New World; M. Jane Fairburn

We look forward to sharing stories and insights into the rich historical tradition of the Moore family in North America, all without the distance restrictions!
Please share this invitation with those who might be interested.
Contact Donna Moore UE for the link – or 519-282-7224

From the Twittersphere and Beyond

  • Nova Scotia Indigenous Voices Collection. June is National Indigenous History Month. Learn more about the rich & diverse cultures, voices, experiences & histories of First Nations, Inuit & Métis people, with this selection of ebooks & audiobooks as we raise awareness of these works and experiences to the general Canadian population.
  • This Week in History
    • 4 Jun 1738, the baby grandson of George II who would grow up to be George III was born. During his reign, that date was celebrated as a patriotic holiday throughout the British Empire.
    • 5 Jun 1771: King George III and Queen Charlotte give birth to their fifth son Ernst-Augustus. Following the death of his father and four older brothers, all without male heirs, Ernst August would become King of Hanover in 1837.
    • 2 Jun 1774 Parliament punishes Colonies for Tea Party by completing “Coercive Acts,” spurring widening revolt.
    • 2 Jun 1774, Parliament updated the Quartering Act of 1765 to make it easier for colonial governors to invoke. This law required communities (not individuals) to supply barracks and firewood for regiments. The 1774 law.
    • 3 June 1775, the Continental Congress voted to borrow £6,000 to buy gunpowder “for the Continental Army” [not yet official] and formed a committee to estimate the cost of a 12-month campaign. Heading that committee: George Washington.
    • 3 Jun 1775 – 3 men from Williamsburg, VA are surprised & injured by gunfire while taking arms from public magazine.
    • 4 Jun 1775 Ethan Allen is surprised at armed response to reconnaissance party by Canadians; was hoping for support.
    • 30 May 1776 British General Clinton agrees to lead ill-fated attempt to capture Charlestown, SC.
    • 31 May 1776 Mecklenburg County, NC issues “Mecklenburg Resolves,” suspending British authority in North-Carolina.
    • 1 June 1776 St Johns, Quebec Gen John Sullivan takes command of American forces in Canada from Gen John Thomas. Sullivan brings 3,000 troops as reinforcements plus a Pennsylvania brigade and now considers another go at Quebec.
    • 1 Jun 1779 Benedict Arnold’s court-martial begins, embittering him & turning him toward treason against Colonies.
    • 29 May 1780 British Col. Tarleton has surrendering rebels shot at Waxhaws, SC, cementing a reputation for brutality.
    • 28 May 1782, the Battle of Halifax took place between the American privateer Jack and the 14-gun Royal Naval brig HMS Observer off Halifax Harbour’s Sambro Light. The Jack lost the battle, striking its colours the next day. Read more…
  • Clothing and Related:
    • A Robe a l’anglaise, 1763, American (of English fabric), silk plain weave taffeta patterned with supplementary wefts brocaded with polychrome silks. Worn by Sarah Tyng Smith when she married Richard Codman in Portland, Maine, Feb 23, 1763
    • 18th Century Purple silk brocade dress with lace cuffs. Worn by Sophia Maskelyne (nee Rose), wife of fifth Astronomer Royal, Nevil Maskelyne. Possibly worn on her wedding day on 21 August 1784
    • 18th Century riding coat. The skirt is vented at back for maximum movement, while the bodice champions an excessive tautness typical of the period. Size of cuff, breadth of skirt, emphasis on the waist determine the 1760’s date.
    • 18th Century men’s Court suit of Ivory silk Pekin jacket, waistcoat and breeches embroidered with silk, silver thread, blue tinsel and sequins c.1770’s
    • 18th Century embroidery sample for a man’s Court coat, multicoloured silk embroidery in a floral design & net applique on a dark purple ground with wavy vertical blue stripes. c.1790’s
    • 18th Century waistcoat, made of silk woven by a well-known 18th Century London weaving company, Maze & Steer.Their pattern book of “Fancy Vestings & Handkerchief Goods” is also held in collection & features this design woven in 1788 in 3 colourways
  • Townsends
  • Miscellaneous


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