In this issue:
- Remembrance Day: Volunteers aim to identify veterans in unmarked graves
- Remembering in the Netherlands: IL SILENZIO’… BEAUTIFUL AND HAUNTING
- Introducing Jacob Breadman a 2023 UELAC Scholarship winner
- Lost Stories: Loyalists’ Slaves, by Stephen Davidson UE
- Hessian Soldiers Travelling to America: New York City to Amboy NJ
- A Leap of Faith in the Historical Record: The Legend of McColloch’s Leap
- Left Behind in History: John Adams’ Misguided Defense
- Advertised on 11 November 1773: “very great Demand for Rivington’s Almanack”
- In the News
- Upcoming Events
- From the Twittersphere and Beyond
- Last Post: McKenzie UE, Jim
Remembrance Day: Volunteers aim to identify veterans in unmarked graves
Volunteers with the Last Post Fund aim to ensure veterans are given a proper burial and gravestone as they work to identify soldiers in unmarked graves so their families can properly commemorate them. Veteran and volunteer Glenn Smith talked about his work with the CBC’s Ali Pitargue at Hazelwood Cemetery in Abbotsford, B.C.
Glenn Smith UE, a Vancouver Branch member, has been involved with the Last Post Fund BC Branch which puts grave markers on Veterans unmarked graves. (There are two commercials first and then 5:48 minutes of the interview.) Watch the interview. Liz Adair UE, Assiniboine Branch
Remembering in the Netherlands: IL SILENZIO’… BEAUTIFUL AND HAUNTING
About six miles from Maastricht, in the Netherlands, lie buried 8,301 American soldiers who died in “Operation Market Garden” in the battles to liberate Holland in the fall/winter of 1944. Every one of the men buried in the cemetery, as well as those in the Canadian and British military cemeteries, has been adopted by a Dutch family who mind the grave, decorate it, and keep alive the memory of the soldier they have adopted. It is even the custom to keep a portrait of “their” soldier in a place of honour in their home.
Annually, on “Liberation Day,” memorial services are held for “the men who died to liberate Holland.” The day concludes with a concert. The final piece is always “Il Silenzio,” a memorial piece commissioned by the Dutch and first played in 1965 on the 20th anniversary of Holland’s liberation. It has been the concluding piece of the memorial concert ever since.
This year the soloist was a 13-year-old Dutch girl, Melissa Venema, backed by André Rieu and his orchestra (the Royal Orchestra of the Netherlands). This beautiful concert piece is based upon the original version of taps and was composed by Italian composer Nino Rossi.
Wait until the last note is reached .. http://www.flixxy.com/trumpet-solo-melissa-venema.htm
This has been circulated many times over the years since first shared, so this talented 13 year old girl must be close to 20 years old by now. Marlene Dance UE, Chilliwack Branch
Introducing Jacob Breadman a 2023 UELAC Scholarship winner
In this issue of Loyalist Trails I want to share with you the name of the second scholar who has been awarded a scholarship starting in 2023.
The 2nd award this year was to Jacob Breadman. Jake is a Ph.D. Candidate in History at Queen’s University. Jake’s submission to the committee began with this paragraph:
“The War of 1812, fought between Great Britain, the United States, and their many respective Indigenous allies, looms large in North American historiography and identity. Despite its significance to North American history, scholars have not sufficiently analyzed the war through the lens of environmental history, a methodological approach that assesses how non-human actors like microorganisms, animals, and weather patterns impacted historical events and people.”
Loyalist Gazette readers will remember Jake’s informative article on pages 28 – 31 in the Fall 2022 issue entitled British-Indigenous Relations during the War of 1812. Find your print copy or sign into uelac.ca and read his informative article.
To learn more about Jake you will find a biography at https://uelac.ca/scholarship/
Lost Stories: Loyalists’ Slaves
copyright Stephen Davidson UE
It is a sad fact of the history of the American Revolution that when 60,000 Loyalists sought refuge outside of their former colonies, they took 15,000 enslaved Africans with them. Although Loyalists who owned large numbers of slaves generally resettled in the West Indies, Loyalists with as many as 10 slaves settled in what is now Canada.
John Wood, a Loyalist merchant, tried to find the most advantageous place to settle with his slaves after he fled Savannah, Georgia. He found the soil in the Bahamas to be of poor quality, and the West Indies was already too full of plantation owners and slave labour. Nova Scotia, he felt, was “too distant and cold for Negroes”. Wood had purchased 27 slaves from father-in-law to “make up a gang in the Bahamas”.
William Knox, another Georgia Loyalist, had 122 slaves that he used for cultivation on his plantation. He took 102 of them to Jamaica. Nathaniel Hall also sought sanctuary for his family and slaves in Jamaica. Although the Loyalist had been able to prevent Patriots from confiscating his human property in Georgia, hurricanes that pummelled Jamaica in 1784 and 1785 resulted in the loss of a third of his slaves.
John Grant of Long Island, New York abandoned his property and came with his wife, 9 children, and 10 slaves to Nova Scotia. (These Africans are not found in the Book of Negroes, the ledger that recorded the names of all free and enslaved Blacks leaving New York City in 1783.)
The 15,000 Africans enslaved by Loyalist refugees are only a fraction of the human property that loyal Americans would have owned at the outset of the revolution. During the eight years of war, Loyalists’ slaves were regularly confiscated by local Patriot committees and by soldiers of the Continental army. Because of this, Loyalist slave owners later petitioned the British government for compensation for the slaves that they had lost during the revolution. The references that these slave owners made to their human property in their claims now serve to give insight into the experiences of Africans enslaved by Loyalists.
Slaves are often thought to have only been involved in cultivation and harvest, manual labour, or as household servants. However, an examination of their masters’ claims shows that many enslaved Blacks had acquired valuable skills. Listed in the Loyalist petitions are references to slaves who were bakers, wagon drivers, pilots, ferrymen, coopers, sawyers, shipwrights, carpenters, millers, sailors, cabinetmakers, sail makers, sailors, and musicians. It is little wonder, then, that rebels –as well as British and German soldiers– took slaves from Loyalists when the opportunity arose.
A number of southern Loyalists who sought compensation for their lost slaves had stories of how their Africans were used by the British military. Early in the revolution, a slave named Prince was employed to drive a team of oxen for General Burgoyne’s army in 1777. Prince either died or ran away following the British general’s disastrous defeat as his owner claimed him as lost property.
A South Carolina Loyalist claimed his slaves taken by the British army and that 25 of them had died “from an epidemic introduced by the army”. A Virginia Loyalist had 25 of his slaves captured and then sold as plunder. 12 slaves died in the British Army and a further 30 slaves were confiscated. Samuel Marshall of Wilmington, North Carolina had a slave who was both a cooper and sawyer by trade. The man was taken into British army service to do “public works”. Rather than returning to his master, the enslaved cooper died of smallpox.
John Warren of Newport, Rhode Island claimed for one African who ran away into the British service and for a second slave who enlisted in the American service. Often joining one army or the other meant freedom for enslaved Africans.
Isaac Dubois of North Carolina had his slave –a baker– join the Black Pioneers at Cape Fear. Enlisting in this regiment made up of emancipated slaves, DuBois’ baker “thereby became entitled to freedom”. James Doles of Albany City, N.Y. sought compensation for a slave who had joined the British Army. A New York City Loyalist had a young slave pressed into the British Navy in 1780.
Baltimore was the name of a man who had been enslaved in Virginia. He joined “the king’s service” in England. When his former master was notified of this development in a letter, the correspondent maintained that he did “did not feel that Baltimore was private property” any longer, and did nothing to have him returned to Virginia.
John Brown of Portsmouth, Virginia lost a number of slaves during the course of the revolution. Tonny, one of his Africans, was described as “a soldier in a Black Company, and carried to New York.” Although there is no record that Tonny joined the thousands of Blacks who sailed to Nova Scotia in 1783, another one of John Brown’s slaves was among those loyal refugees. The Book of Negroes’ account for the November sailing of L’Abondance to Nova Scotia’s Port Mouton notes that Adam Green, a 23 year-old member of the Black Brigade had escaped from John Brown in 1778.
Not all of John Brown’s enslaved Africans died as free men. This Virginia Loyalist claimed for the loss of a “cargo of Negroes” that had been taken by rebels and then shipped off to the West Indies. An enslaved boy named Jack died of “pestilence”. In 1785, rebels forced Brown to send “a cargo of Blacks from Jamaica out of the country”.
While thousands of Africans who were enslaved by Patriots seized the opportunity of freedom offered them by the British, there were slaves who thought their best chance lay with the rebelling colonists. A Loyalist named Robert Correy claimed the loss of a Black cooper and boat-builder, saying his Africans had “deserted to the enemy”. Despite the fact that the British military forces were headquartered in New York City, a Loyalist from the outlying area reported that one of his slaves had joined the rebels. Given that the British only promised emancipation to the slaves of Patriots, but not to those enslaved by Loyalists, this may explain why the rebels were able to gain African allies.
Some of those enslaved by Loyalists had their names given in their former masters’ claims for compensation. Charles Lyon of Virginia claimed for the loss of Sharper, Jacob, Sterling, Glasgow, Edinburgh and Alice. James Hume of Georgia listed Barney and Andrew, “two valuable French horn blowers”, from out of the 102 slaves he once owned. These Africans identified by their names are rare exceptions in the compensation claims filed by Loyalists.
Even though some of the Blacks enslaved by Loyalists endured great suffering, only the stories of their tragic deaths –rather than their names– were given in the compensation claims. Judith Gaillard of Charleston, South Carolina claimed the loss of “her” Negro Harry who had been employed as a guide for the British army. Harry was sent for intelligence, and was taken prisoner by a rebel party. After beheading Harry, Patriots had his head put upon a stake. James Fraser of Norfolk, Virginia, claimed for the loss of an African woman who had suffered so much abuse at the hands of a party of rebels under General Charles Lee that she died.
Most slave owners simply referred to the number of Negroes they had lost, not recognizing the humanity of those they had held in bondage. Thomas Boone, the former royal governor of South Carolina sought compensation for the loss of 202 slaves, men and women who were never identified in his claim.
More lost stories of Blacks enslaved by Loyalists will be featured in next week’s Loyalist Trails.
To secure permission to reprint this article contact the author at email@example.com.
Hessian Soldiers Travelling to America: New York City to Amboy NJ.
From a Hessian Diary of the American Revolution.
This excerpt from the diary of Johan Conrad Dohla (170 pages).
Having set out marching on 28 February 1777, they boarded ship and set sail on 29 March from Dordrecht, crossed the English Channel (first time on ocean waters for most; seasickness), passed Dover, anchored at Portsmouth to add provisions for seven days and finally set sail on 7 April. Passed the Azores, and after almost two months sailing, sighted America on 2 June. At June 6, the author relates relates the march from New York City to Amboy NJ.
NEW YORK to New Jersey (page 31)
6 June. For the first time we set up camp on Staten Island in the region above Cole’s Ferry. I went on the first watch in the field.
As the commanding general, Howe, and his brother, Admiral Howe, and the Hessian General Heister are at present all in New York, we assume that this year’s campaign will soon open and important measures will soon take place.
8 June. During the night, at about nine o’clock, our picket was alarmed for the first time, and some shots were exchanged without causing any damage. A few rebels in boats crossed the Kills River and fired several times at our outposts, returned to their boats, and left, and this they often do, so that there is no rest in camp at night. Both our regiments fall out, as they did at this time, and must remain the entire night under arms.
9 June. During the afternoon we took our tents down and marched out to await the enemy under the open skies. In the night we had a terrible electrical storm, such as we seldom have in Germany, which was accompanied by a heavy rain and cloudburst.
10 June. During the afternoon we again put up our tents and marched back into our former camp. During the evening we received orders from General Howe to march to Amboy.
11 June. At reveille we broke camp and started our march to Amboy. In the great heat we had to make a very difficult march of twenty-four English miles. Two Ansbach grenadiers fell dead from exhaustion and were buried on the spot immediately.
We entered Amboy in the evening and were immediately assigned a place in the city, where we spent this night under the open sky, without tents, on the graves in a cemetery, resting from our difficult march. There are some English regiments and the Waldeck Regiment with us.
AMBOY is a beautiful little city. It lies on an arm of the sea that extends in behind Staten Island and is navigable, and Amboy therefore is well situated for trade. It belongs to the province of Jersey. There are four churches here, and the buildings are generally very nice.
This city was founded in the year 1682. Many Germans lived here, but all have left and are with the rebels. The houses themselves are rather nice and also partially furnished. All stood open, and there were only a few women and slaves here, who live in them. As a result, there was not much food to be had in the city, because the inhabitants had taken the livestock and everything else with them in their flight. Only some wine and birch beer, made from wood, was to be had at a high price.
The entire region around Amboy is very nice, but very little developed. On the side toward Brunswick there are many forests and low hills; the area gives the enemy many advantages.
12 June. During the morning our two regiments were inspected by Generals Howe and Heister, who showed their pleasure. Thereafter, we immediately set up our camp at Amboy, ready for battle. I went on field watch.
13 June. Chaplain [Johann Christoph] Wagner held the first prayer meeting on land in America near Amboy in our field camp. It should be noted that a small church stood just in front of our camp in which the treaty to rebel was first declared.
(To be continued)
A Leap of Faith in the Historical Record: The Legend of McColloch’s Leap
by Al Dickenson 7 Nov 2023 Journal of the American Revolution
With a group of forty cavalrymen, Maj. Samuel McColloch rode to the aid of Fort Henry, near Wheeling, Virginia. It was September 1, 1777, and the fort was under attack by roughly 300 Native Americans: members of the Wyandot, Mingo, Shawnee, and Delaware tribes. Outnumbered, the fort’s commanding officer had called for more militiamen. McColloch answered. Riding heroically into the fray after a brief survey of the landscape, McColloch took control of the column’s rearguard as they approached the fort and the raid, ensuring his men could reach Fort Henry’s gates and safely defend the land.
In doing so, McColloch was cut off from the rest of his men. He was alone with countless Indians descending upon him. Being near the Ohio River and the Appalachian Mountains, the territory protected by Fort Henry was naturally hilly. McColloch ascended nearby Wheeling Hill on his horse and left his unmounted enemies behind, though they eagerly followed him. Unbeknownst to McColloch, this hill had a steep drop into Wheeling Creek. Reaching the summit before his horseless enemies, and having no hope of an unscathed escape, McColloch realized he had only one option: leave the hilltop. But he could not descend the way he rose, as the Native Americans pushed up the hill in pursuit. No, he would have to lead his horse into a great leap down the sharp decline, landing some 300 feet below. This was not just a daring feat: this was life or death. And yet somehow, McColloch, and his horse, escaped unharmed.
Or so the legend goes. Read more…
Left Behind in History: John Adams’ Misguided Defense
by Novia Liu 9 Nov 2023 Journal of the American Revolution
Today’s Americans revere the Founding Fathers as egalitarian exceptions within the eighteenth century’s hierarchical world. Yet, these men were neither uniform nor wholly democratic in their opinions. Among them, John Adams stands out as a particularly clear deviation, continuing to espouse support for the Old World’s system of natural hierarchy long after the American Revolution. In 1787, he still favored a mix of three types of government that mirrored the ancient orders of society even as his nation grew more republican in its values. Assuming his fellow Americans likewise harbored these traditional beliefs, Adams positioned himself as an anachronism even for his time.
The inaccuracy of Adams’ assumption is exemplified by his publication of A Defence of the Constitutions of Government of the United States. Written in response to Anne-Robert-Jacques Turgot’s letter criticizing the US state constitutions, the three-volume work in favor of tripartite government was penned and published in haste between 1787 and 1788. Modern scholars have criticized Defence for its “increasingly antirepublican character” and “disordered, repetitious style,” a sentiment echoed by Adams’ contemporaries. Analysis of Turgot’s letter, Defence itself, and private correspondence reacting to the series reveal that the author misjudged his political climate. Deeply anxious, Adams convinced himself there was a conspiracy within the nation against the states’ tripartite governments, and this paranoia led him to pen Defence as an antiquated response to Turgot’s benign letter. Despite this oversight, however, Adams’ work remains indispensable as a reflection of the Founding Era, epitomizing the ideological clash between hierarchy and egalitarianism that rattled the new nation. Read more…
Advertised on 11 November 1773: “very great Demand for Rivington’s Almanack”
What was advertised in a colonial American newspaper 250 years ago today?
“Dr. OGDEN’S very successful Method of Cure, which the Printer inserted in the Almanack at the particular request of some of the Inhabitants.”
As the new year approached and printers throughout the colonies advertised almanacs for 1774, James Rivington of New York took to the pages of his own newspaper to advise prospective customers that the “very great Demand for Rivington’s Almanack … HAS occasioned him to print a new Edition.” Like many other printers who marketed the almanacs they published, Rivington provided an extensive list of the contents as a means of generating interest. He enumerated twenty items. They included helpful reference information, such as “Courts in this and the neighbouring Provinces,” “Fairs,” “FRIENDS Meetings,” and “Roads.” They also included six “Cures for Disorders in Horses” and five “Receipts [or cures] from some of the most eminent Physicians” for a variety of symptoms. For entertainment, the almanac contained “Pleasant Jests.” Read more…
What’s Being Done to Fix the Union Burying Ground in Burlington ON?
Mayor Marianne Meed Ward’s Monday Mailbag – Nov. 6, 2023
QUESTION: “Is anything being done to fix the United Empire Loyalist Cemetery/Union Burying Ground on Plains Road?”
ANSWER: The Union Burying Ground (UBG)/United Empire Loyalist Cemetery is located at 1001 Plains Rd. E., and is more than 150 year old. It has a deep history and connection with the United Empire Loyalists’ Association of Canada, going back to the time Americans fleeing from the U.S. to honour their allegiance to the Crown when the American Revolution began. A Loyalist burial site sign was unveiled at the cemetery in 2009. Read more…
Original Barn From 1770 Is Renovated In Bergen County NJ
Caren Lissner,10 Nov 2023 Patch, Mahwah, NJ
BERGEN COUNTY, NJ – Over five months this year, County Parks Department performed a historically accurate restoration of the roof at the Wortendyke Barn in Park Ridge, a Dutch barn that dates to 1770 and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The barn was originally constructed using only local resources. It’s one of nine Bergen County-owned historical sites. It was used continually as a barn into the 20th century and is one of only six pure Dutch barn types in Bergen County. Read more…
Submitted by Ken MacCallum UE
Canada Post Stamp Honours Willie O-Ree, First Black Player in NHL
O’Ree was raised in a large family in Fredericton, New Brunswick. He was the youngest of 13 children of parents Rosebud and Harry. O’Ree’s grandparents came to Canada through the Underground Railroad to escape slavery in the United States. Canadian Encyclopedia – https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/willie-oree
A hockey legend and community hero
Willie O’Ree was the first Black person to play a National Hockey League® (NHL®) game, after being called up by the Boston Bruins®. There, he played 45 games in two seasons and another 19 years with various other professional hockey leagues. O’Ree became the NHL’s director of youth development and ambassador for diversity, where he helped establish grassroots hockey programs and inspired thousands of girls and boys of all backgrounds to play the game. Among his many honours, O’Ree was awarded the Lester Patrick Trophy, is a Member of the Order of Canada and a recipient of the Order of New Brunswick. O’Ree was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 2018 – the same year that the NHL® created the Willie O’Ree Community Hero Award. Add this special stamp to your collection today. … Canada Post
Every kid has dreams.
By Willie O-Ree, 28 Oct 2023, Canada Post Magazine
Myself, I dreamed of being a professional hockey player. And I did everything I could to make it happen.
From the moment I began skating at the age of three, double blades strapped to the bottom of my shoes on the backyard rink my father made for me and my siblings at our home in Fredericton, I loved it. Within two years, by the age of five, I started playing organized hockey and was simply obsessed with the game. I worked tirelessly to eventually reach the sport’s highest level: the National Hockey League® (NHL®).
But there are certain accomplishments in life that you could never even dream of – that are beyond the realm of imagination. Getting a stamp in your honour is certainly one of them. Read more…
During the American Revolution, American policymakers were divided into two factions: radicals and moderates. Radicals saw the United States as a great power, equal to France and worthy of alliances with as many foreign powers as possible. Moderates, however, doubted American military power and were content to rely on military assistance from France alone. In each case, battlefield results determined who held the upper hand when it came to diplomacy. More details and registration…
Museum Collections and Operations Manager Paul Newman discusses a handkerchief commemorating the reign of British monarch King George III, made ca. 1812. The large printed handkerchief chronicles contemporary events in a lavishly decorated manner and includes several portraits of notable British figures from the period. More details and registration…
Phillip was 33 – 40+ yeara ago – when the fateful family history/genealogy bug hit him. The number 2 hobby in North America, it has been his passion ever since. With a database of almost 125,000 names and 2,300 photos. Along the way he has discovered in his tree in-laws, outlaws, pirates and royalty. DNA has helped. He discovered that his 2x great grandfather Isaac Mintz was adopted, and perhaps his father Joseph as well. Phillip will describe his journey. Join Zoom Meeting https://us06web.zoom.us/j/89531103434?pwd=nGvxvXKInF2tsoy3jsbW21NgAttcdJ.1 Meeting ID: 895 3110 3434 Passcode: 433526
- Today November 8th has been recognized by Government of Canada as National Indigenous Veterans Day since 1994. I attended at the St. Ann’s Church Cemetery at Bear River First Nation to pay respects to graves of veterans there & photographed 5 headstones. Brian McConnell UE
- This beautiful bronze statue of Queen Elizabeth II unveiled at Queen’s Park today pays tribute to Her Late Majesty’s contribution to Ontario’s history and heritage. It is a symbol of Her 70 years of dedication and service to the people of Canada, the United Kingdom and the entire Commonwealth.
- Townsends – or Food
- Engineering America – Forging A Drawknife From Scratch
- This week in History
- On 8 Nov 1731, in Philadelphia, PA, Benjamin Franklin opened the first library in the North American colonies, called the Library Company of Philadelphia. It was a subscription library and supported by members.
- On 5 Nov 1741, Sir John Johnson, 2nd Baronet of NY, was born. Son of Sir William Johnson, land baron & Indian Affairs Superintendent. John inherited the title in 1774. He led the King’s Royal Regiment (KRR) of NY in loyalist- campaigns through the Mohawk Valley.
- 5 Nov 1775 Pope’s Night in Boston Gen Washington admonishes his troops against the anti-Catholic celebration as it is offensive to the French Canadians with whom he hoped to make common cause against the British.
- 5 Nov 1775 Struggling with rain and mud, American Gen Richard Montgomery‘s forces marched on Montreal as part of a two-pronged invasion to bring Canada over to the cause for independence.
- 7 Nov 1775 In an unsuccessful attempt to save the British Colony of Virginia from going over to the rebels, Lord Dunmore issued a proclamation calling for martial law because traitorous colonials were raising an army and marching to attack British troops.
- 8 Nov 1775 Continental Congress directs the Secret Committee to purchase arms & ammunition through the West Indies b trading American products, primarily agricultural goods.
- 9 Nov 1775 Lechmere Point, Boston. American riflemen under Col. Wm. Thompson defeat a British foraging party of 500 men, inflicting 2 killed and suffering 2 .. Recoats re
- 10 Nov 1775 Lord Sackville, George Germain, becomes Secretary of State for the Colonies, principally because of his hardline support for crushing the nascent rebellion.
- The Rev War Minute: 10 November 1775, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. An act of Congress established a Corps of amphibious infantry to augment the navy. Recruiting began at Philadelphia’s Tun Tavern under the direction of its first commandant, Captain Samuel Nicholas. Roles included security on board the ship, protecting the captain, providing sharpshooters during engagements, and conducting landings to raid or seize critical infrastructure. Key engagements included the landing at Nassau, the Battle of Trenton, the Battle of Princeton, and the Penobscot Expedition. Ultimately, over 2,000 were recruited for these missions. The Continental Marines were disbanded at the war’s end.
- 11 Nov 1775 Gov General Guy Carleton evacuates his remaining 150 men from Montreal and retreats along the Saint Lawrence River to Quebec.
- On 7 Nov 1776, John Allen and Jonathan Eddy led a force of some 180-rebel militia from Machias, MA (today ME) to Fort Cumberland, Nova Scotia.
- 9 Nov 1776 Most of General Washington’s Continental Army crosses the North (Hudson) River for New Jersey. With the campaign for NY all but lost, the campaign for the Jerseys would soon commence.
- 10 Nov 1777 Mud Island, Phila. British begin heavy bombardment of Ft Mifflin, grinding down its defenses. Defenders under Lt Col Sam Smith remain tenacious, but he is wounded &replaced by Maj Simeon Thayer.
- 10 Nov 1778 Raiding party led by Chief Joseph Brant & Loyalist Capt Walter Butler ambush an American patrol whose captives provide useful intelligence about defenses of Cherry Valley, NY.
- 7 Nov 1779 Col Charles Armand, marquis de Rouerie, succeeds fallen Kazimierz Pulaski as head of the Pulaski Legion. He leads it in the capture of a Loyalist Detachment under Maj Mansfield Bearmore at Jeffords Neck, NY.
- 6 Nov 1781 Col Elijah Clarke & his militia ambush a party of pro-British Indians in Wilkes Co, GA, killing 40 & capturing 40
- 10 Nov 1782 Piqua, OH. Gen George Rogers Clark leads some 1K mounted rifles on punitive raids against Shawnee villages. The Shawnee suffer10 killed & 10 wounded. Last fighting of the conflict.
- Clothing and Related:
- Christobel Ingram, a London-area Quaker, made this sampler in 1705. She was only six or seven years old! Her sampler and needlework picture are on display in our annual exhibition, “‘Choice and Precious Work’: Treasures from the Schoolroom, 1650-1750”
- exhibition ‘Fashioning the New England Family’ @MHS1791 Elizabeth Bull, silk thread embroidery on silk; wedding petticoat; worn in Boston, c1735;
- Good day, kind readers sharing @HistDeerfield for #SackBackSaturday Sleeve detail; France; Lyon or Tours c.1765. Polychrome, supplementary weft-patterned (brocaded) silk, off-white, plain weave silk lining and facings, white linen lace edging.
- In the pink this morning with a rosy robe a la francaise. The #1760s gown displays the deep Watteau pleat complete with expert pattern matching, the brocade floral motifs sitting side by side in silky symmetry
- early 18thc buckle shoes w/autumnal hues & bright palette. Bargello or flame stitch was an imp. embroidery style later 17thc- 18th+ assoc. w/accessories, its appearance provides a wonderful geometric burst of color
- this open robe. The silk brocade is c.1734-5. The patterns reflect a new fashion for botanical styles during the 1730s. The gown was re-modelled in the 1750s.
- Isn’t this silver purse spectacular? It’s part of the Elizabeth Hall suite and is currently on display in our annual exhibition, “‘Choice and Precious Work’: Treasures from the Schoolroom, 1650-1750.” It likely dates to the late 17th century and still maintains its shine
- In the 18th century, baskets were ubiquitous. Often made by the people who used them, on some farms and plantations, baskets were also made for sale in town. Considered by many today to be works of art, historically they were just utilitarian containers.
Here we see Terri working on weaving in a handle. The basket will be lined with linen to make it more absorbent and easier to clean. The baskets were often placed “where sucking wasps” could get at them, the thought being that wasps would help suck out the juices.
The finished baskets, seen in use here, are a great way to experience one of the food preservation processes and storage methods used throughout history by most cultures around the world.
- In the 18th century, baskets were ubiquitous. Often made by the people who used them, on some farms and plantations, baskets were also made for sale in town. Considered by many today to be works of art, historically they were just utilitarian containers.
Jim & I were among the Queen’s Scout Awards at the NB Legislature about 1952. We attended & graduated from Hampton Consolidated School and played sports there. We were in the Cadets & 8th Hussars together. He organized a couple of High School Reunions which we enjoyed. He really loved his McKENZIE Family history and was a super dedicated member & leader of UEL and did great service there. He will be missed. Condolences – Cal. Craig.
Jim was President of the NB Branch when I joined and quickly became Membership Chair. Jim and I chaired the 2008 Dominion Conference in Saint John. I had ample opportunity to work closely with him. Just a capital man in all respects.
He will be laid to rest at the McKenzie private cemetery on the Kingston Peninsula beside their summer cottage, and right beside one of his Loyalist ancestors! Steve Bolton UE, New Brunswick Branch Executive
This is very sad news and brings back many memories of being with him when he attended Nova Scotia Branch meetings as Regional VP as well as meeting him at Conferences that I attended in British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Ontario, and Prince Edward Island. I also remember reading in a past issue of the Loyalist Gazette from several years ago a profile of Jim in which he indicated he first became President of the NB Branch after joining it and finding out the Branch was about to close due to lack of interest and volunteers. It is not just in recent years this has been a challenge. He also saved and re-invigorated the Branch in NS when the Halifax – Dartmouth Branch folded and he took it upon himself to phone former members and organize a meeting of what became the new NS Branch. Indeed, he was very loyal and committed to the UELAC. Brian McConnell UE, President, Nova Scotia Branch
Published by the UELAC
If you do not now receive this free newsletter directly but would like to, you can subscribe here.