“Loyalist Trails” 2019-45: November 10, 2019

In this issue:
Remembrance Day 2019
1783: The Flight from New York City (Part One), by Stephen Davidson
New UELAC Hat and Pullover Sweat now Available
Atlantic Loyalist Connections: Two King’s Orange Rangers
Borealia: Before Canada: A conference recap
JAR: Valley Forge’s Threshold: The Encampment at Gulph Mills
JAR: The Lewes Lighthouse Legend Re-examined and Re-interpreted
The Woolen Shoes That Made Revolutionary-Era Women Feel Patriotic
The Junto: Book Review: Surviving Slavery in the British Caribbean
Ben Franklin’s World: The Medical Imagination
Fall 2019 Loyalist Gazette Now Available in Digital Format
Where in the World?
Region and Branch Bits
      + Bicentennial Branch General Meeting, Nov. 16
      + Kawartha Branch, Nov. 17
From the Twittersphere and Beyond
Additions to the Loyalist Directory
Last Post
      + Doris Elynore Reynolds, UE
      + Glenn Snook, UE
      + Responses re What was a Great Coat?


Remembrance Day 2019

Canada remembers and honours on Monday those who have participated in the defense of our country and Commonwealth countries, and in peace keeping duties round the world.

Too many gave everything on our behalf; many more suffered, personally and indirectly.

We think mostly of the Great War and World War II, but there have been many conflicts.

We of Loyalist descent of course think of Loyalists, and in particular our Loyalist ancestors. They were part of the American Revolution, but some of them again fought as did many Loyalists’ descendants in the War of 1812.

Do take some time, in a formal ceremony or just personally, to reflect on what they gave in the past and what many continue to give today, for us and the world.

In Flanders Fields

By John McCrae (1872-1918)

In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row,
    That mark our place; and in the sky
    The larks, still bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.

We are the Dead. Short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
    Loved and were loved, and now we lie
        In Flanders fields.

Take up our quarrel with the foe:
To you from failing hands we throw
    The torch; be yours to hold it high.
    If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
        In Flanders fields.

A Breeze from the Western Front:

Where Do I Sleep Next

By Private F.P. Jarvis, 1st Canadian Mounted Rifles 8th Brigade, 3rd Division (1871-1958)

I have slept as a babe in cradles and arms, unconscious of wars alarms,
    I have slept on the prairie shooting duck and goose,
I have slept in the woods hunting the bear and moose,
    I have slept in fields under the stars,
I have slept on trains in old box cars,
    I have slept on steam boats, my bed on the deck,
I have slept in church with a kink in my neck,
    I have slept in Flanders in a real house,
I have slept in dugouts with rats and louse,
    I have slept in beds of purple and gold,
I have slept in fields out in the cold,
    I am sleeping now on a stretcher of wire,
I won’t be sorry when I sleep near a fire.

Frances Proadfoot Jarvis signed up in Brandon Man., February 9, 1915, age 44. He died Feb. 19, 1958 in Toronto. He descends from Stephen Jarvis UEL

…Bob Jarvis UE

1783: The Flight from New York City (Part One)

© Stephen Davidson, UE

When asked to summon up an image of civilians and military personnel desperately fleeing a city before the victorious forces seize control, a certain generation will immediately recall helicopters rescuing evacuees from the American embassy’s rooftop of Saigon in April of 1975. Others will picture Syrians piling into boats to cross the treacherous Mediterranean Sea to safety. Faces caught in photographs of those evacuations show panic, desperation, and terror.

And yet for many Loyalist historians and descendants, similar images and emotions do not come to mind when they consider the plight of loyal Americans in 1783. Although military confrontations had ceased during the peace negotiations between Britain and the United States, thousands of smaller acts of violence continued to be perpetrated by Patriots against their Loyalist neighbours. The tarring and feathering of “Tories” did not stop during the ceasefire – nor did other less painful forms of persecution. Reveling in their victory, Patriots seized land, livestock and possessions from Loyalists throughout 1783.

As the clock slowly ticked down to the official end of the American Revolution, it was becoming all too obvious that many Loyalists would not be able to live at peace with their triumphant neighbours and would forever be regarded as hated traitors in their eyes. The only hope for American Loyalists was to leave their homeland and find refuge in other parts of the British Empire. To do that, thousands of displaced Americans streamed into New York City in 1783, desperate to find berths on evacuation ships.

Since August of 1776, New York City had been the site of the British military headquarters in North America. Staten Island, Manhattan Island and Long Island were all “within the British lines” and had been sanctuaries for Loyalists from every rebelling colony throughout the revolution. Here, too, escaped slaves found both refuge and freedom by siding with the British war effort. As the Patriot victory was being finalized at peace talks in Europe, white and Black Loyalists were coming to grips with the reality that New York City’s days as a sanctuary were numbered.

For many of those who had sought refuge in New York, they already had had an experience in abandoning a city of sanctuary. These Loyalists had fled Charleston, South Carolina in November of 1782.

A Loyalist soldier’s diary records the panic and turmoil of those last days. “It is impossible to describe, what confusion people of all denominations, seem to be in at the thought of the approaching evacuation of Charleston. The one is buying everything he can to complete his shop of goods, the second is seeking for a passage to some other garrison of His Majesty’s troops, the third is going from house to house to collect his debts, the fourth, and which is most of all to be lamented, is the young ladies ready to break their hearts, at the thoughts that we are now going to evacuate the town, and leave them subjected to the power of the merciless and insolent … everything is in motion and turned topsee turvy.”

Those who had escaped Charleston counted themselves among the lucky ones. At least they had escaped falling into the hands of the triumphant Patriots. A British officer who was an eyewitness to the evacuation gave a chilling account of those who were not able to escape by sea.

“No sooner had the evacuation taken place at Charleston than the rebels, like so many furies, or rather devils, entered the town, and a scene ensued, the very repetition of which is shocking to the ears of humanity. The Loyalists were seized, hove into dungeons, prisons, and prevosts. Some were tied up and whipped, others were tarred and feathered; some were dragged to horse-ponds and drenched till near dead, others were carried about the town in carts with labels upon their breasts and back with the word “Tory,” in capitals, written thereon.

All the Loyalists were turned out of their houses and obliged to sleep in the streets and fields, their covering the canopy of heaven. A universal plunder of the friends to government took place, and, to complete the scene, a gallows erected upon the quay facing the harbour, and twenty-four reputable Loyalists hanged in sight of the British fleet, with the army and refugees on board.”

Could the presence of the British army save New York City’s Loyalists from a similar fate? What was life like in the city’s final months as a sanctuary for refugees?

Although we have no photographs, drawings or paintings to illustrate the plight of New York City’s refugees in 1783 – the year of its evacuation – there is a source that can help the modern reader gain a better appreciation of the experiences of those who were all too desperate to leave a hostile America. Through its notices, ads, and news stories, Rivington’s Royal Gazette (see the masthead), New York’s loyalist newspaper, provides us with a glimpse of city being abandoned by its Loyalist citizens.

As we look through the virtual pages of the Royal Gazette, it is good to remember that a draft copy of the Treaty of Paris had been circulated as early as November 30, 1782. Loyalists and Patriots alike knew what the British government was prepared to give the victorious Americans. Things looked glum for both white and Black refugees. Seeing that all “property” was to be restored to the Patriots, Black Loyalists, a segment of New York’s refugee population, had every reason to fear that the British government planned to return them to their former masters.

Despite a clause in the treaty that said that congress would “earnestly recommend” that states provide restitution of all “estates, rights and properties” to “British subjects”, white Loyalists had little reason to believe that this would be honoured. With a ratification date set for September 3, 1783, New York City’s refugee population knew it had less than a year to liquidate resources, book passage on evacuation vessels, and say their good-byes.

The January first edition of the Royal Gazette for 1783 reminded its readers of the execution of a Loyalist three weeks earlier. Ezekial Tilton was hanged for “high treason” in Monmouth, New Jersey on December 13th. John Lokerson and Peter Eaton were also executed on that day. The news was a grim reminder that it was not safe to be a Loyalist outside of the British lines.

That same edition carried a type of notice that would become increasingly commonplace in the months to come. Sarah Bolton Loftus, “intending for England” listed a range of properties that she wanted to sell. Fearing the loss of their properties when Patriots returned to New York City, Loyalists posted ads in the Royal Gazette in the hope of turning their real estate into cash. Ads to meet with creditors to pay off loans – or to meet with those who borrowed money – also became a regular feature. Not everyone in these situations would necessarily place notices in the Royal Gazette, but such notices are enough of a “tip of the iceberg” to give us a sense of the priorities of Loyalist preparing to leave the city.

Part Two of this series will appear in next week’s edition of Loyalist Trails.

To secure permission to reprint this article, email Stephen Davidson.

New UELAC Hat and Pullover Sweat now Available

Atlantic Loyalist Connections: Two King’s Orange Rangers

By Leah Grandy, 6 Nov. 2019

The provincial loyalist regiment known as the King’s Orange Rangers travelled through the American Revolution, moving from New York to Nova Scotia, then scattering to many parts of the Atlantic World. Only a few individuals chose to go to the land that had been assigned to the regiment in New Brunswick at the end of the war. Two of those King’s Orange Rangers were John Howard and William Carnell and they would become embroiled in a post-war dispute which can readily be traced through land petition documents.

The King’s Orange Rangers regiment was formed in late 1776 by William Bayard of New York and commanded by his son, Lieutenant Colonel John Bayard. The regiment was plagued by problems throughout its existence including an outbreak of smallpox, lack of morale and discipline, infighting between officers, and even a shipwreck. The regiment was moved from the British encampment in the Manhattan area in the fall of 1778 to Halifax, Nova Scotia; this was likely a strategic move to combat internal conflicts and desertions within the regiment. The King’s Orange Rangers were to be stationed in Nova Scotia for the remainder of the war, at which time the members dispersed and were resettled.

Captain John Howard: John Howard joined the regiment in the spring of 1778 by way of the New York Volunteers after switching commissions with Captain John Coffin. Before the war, Howard had been a farmer with a large family in the Charlotte Precinct of Duchess County, New York; he listed his losses, which included a farm and variety of livestock, at £760 total in his claim to the British government after the war.

Sergeant/Ensign William Carnell: Little is known about William Carnell’s life before the war, but he probably came from New York State and likely had experience as a seafarer. In a stray muster of recruits taken in New York in 1781, he was listed on the top of the document as a sergeant but he was called an ensign in other documents. It is likely he was involved in an unfortunate shipwreck suffered while on a recruiting mission with other members of the regiment toward the end of 1779.

Read more.

Borealia: Before Canada: A conference recap

By Michael J. LaMonica, 4 Nov. 2019

McGill University had the privilege of hosting the conference Before Canada: Northern North America in a Connected World, ca. 1000-1800 AD, this past weekend from October 25-27 in Montréal, Québec. Here, scholars from throughout North America and Europe came together to discuss, share, and collaborate on their research concerning early Canada. As a conference organizer and attendee, I could not help but be struck by just how much this field has grown in recent years. Although convened primarily as a history conference – with generous support provided by the McGill Institute for the Study of Canada, McMaster University Wilson Institute for Canadian History, and the McGill-Queens University Press, amongst others – archeologists, anthropologists, and linguists, as well as historians, presented their research, greatly enriching the academic environment. Topics also ranged well beyond the traditional spatial, temporal, and even identitarian borders of contemporary Canada. Presenters took us from the frigid glaciers of northern Greenland to the balmy bayous of New Orleans, from the turn of the first millennium AD to the eve of confederation, and included along with English and French narratives those of the Mi’kmaq, Abenaki, Innuit, Beothuk, Basque, Norwegian, Métis, Haudenousaunee, Portuguese, Apache, and Siouxan peoples. These three themes: interdisciplinarity, space, and identity, provide the best framework for a discussing the conference’s lessons and insights.

A common (and justified) complaint in academia is that there is often not enough discourse between disciplines. Professional and structural pressures sometimes result in artificially rigid barriers, hermetically sealing off one area of study from another. Conferences such as Before Canada are one way in which we, as academics, can shift the professional culture away from narrow exclusivity towards one that is more expansive and inclusive. The benefits of such an approach were apparent to all in attendance.

Read more.

JAR: Valley Forge’s Threshold: The Encampment at Gulph Mills

By Sheilah Vance 5 Nov. 2019

William Trego’s painting The March to Valley Forge is iconic. Where the Continental Army marched from has been largely overlooked. That march was from The Conshohocken or Gulph Hills, in Upper Merion Township, about seven miles from Valley Forge, where the army encamped from December 13 to 19, 1777. As one historian noted, “These grounds were the threshold to Valley Forge, and the story of that winter – a story of endurance, forbearance, and patriotism which will never grow old – had its beginnings here, at the six days encampment by the old Gulph Mill.”

Those six days were a microcosm of the Revolutionary War.

Read more.

JAR: The Lewes Lighthouse Legend Re-examined and Re-interpreted

By William H.J. Manthorpe, Jr.; Nov. 4, 2019

Those who write “local history” without documenting or citing their sources may as well be writing historical fiction. There may be some truth in what they write, but it is hard to sort out fact from fiction in local and family stories. Even experienced historians who ordinarily provide citations to primary sources – documents, letters and first hand statements – or rely on the prior work of reputable experts in their principal works, often fall into that trap when relating local history.

During the Revolutionary War, Lewes, Delaware, at the mouth of Delaware Bay, the approach to Philadelphia, the colonies’ largest city and the seat of government, was on the front lines. The bay was blockaded by a force of British ships commanded by Capt. Andrew Snape-Hamond in the forty-four-gun ship Roebuck. The presence of Roebuck and her activities gave rise to a number of local legends.

Read more.

The Woolen Shoes That Made Revolutionary-Era Women Feel Patriotic

By Kimberly Alexander, 7 Nov. 2019

If you were a wealthy or middle-class woman living in British America around the time of the Revolution, you probably owned a pair of calamanco shoes. Like sneakers or black pumps today, calamancos were the everyday footwear of early American life: practical clothing items that can reveal a great deal about the day-to-day lives – and aspirations – of their owners.

But first, what was calamanco, this special item coveted by women of wealth and women of the middling sort? Calamanco (also spelled callimanco, calamanco, or calamink) is a worsted wool textile finished with a glossy, glazed surface, created by forcing the cloth through hot rollers.

Early Americans adopted calamanco for clothing, including petticoats, waistcoats, and shoes, and for an assortment of household uses, such as bed coverings.

Calamanco shoes – especially popular between the 1730s and the 1780s – were practical in New England, as they offered more warmth and durability than silk. Their glazed surface could withstand a bit of dirt and poor weather, and could be surface cleaned on a regular basis. The shoes were also an affordable choice, available in differing qualities.

American calamanco shoes, manufactured in large numbers in Lynn, Massachusetts, and elsewhere, in a small way came to represent Colonial economic independence, versus being tethered to the yoke of trade dominance by Great Britain. Locally made calamanco shoes became synonymous with “appropriate” footwear for women embracing the patriot cause.

Read more.

The Junto: Book Review: Surviving Slavery in the British Caribbean

In the early Americanist community’s conception of “Vast Early America” we constantly attempt to push the boundaries of what and where early America is. Randy M. Browne’s Surviving Slavery in the British Caribbean will appeal to proponents of a vaster early America in part because it pushes the geographical limits of early America. Browne’s study of slavery in Berbice (present-day Guyana), takes his readers to one of the most understudied slave societies in the Americas, to understand how enslaved Berbicians attempted to survive their bondage from the beginning of the nineteenth century in the Dutch period, to 1834 when British slavery ended.

Read more.

Ben Franklin’s World: The Medical Imagination

Sari Altschuler, an Associate Professor of English at Northeastern University and author of The Medical Imagination: Literature and Health in the Early United States, joins us to investigate the ways early American doctors used imagination in their practice and learning of medicine.

As we explore how early American doctors used their imaginations, Sari reveals how and why early American doctors used imagination in their practice of medicine; Early American ideas about disease, health, and the body; And why we should consider medical imagination when we think about histories of medicine and science.

Listen to the podcast.

Fall 2019 Loyalist Gazette Now Available in Digital Format

The Fall 2019 issue of the Loyalist Gazette is completed and has gone to the printer. Those who receive a paper copy via the post will likely receive it in a couple of weeks, once it is printed, stuffed, mailed and delivered.

Since 2013, digital copies have been available. UELAC policy offers past copies, except the two most recent issues ie Spring and Fall 2019, available publicly. The older issues are now available from the homepage at uelac.ca, and continue to be available for now on our main site at www.uelac.org.

This new Fall 2019 issue along with the Spring issue are now available on the new site uelac.ca in the UELAC members section where anyone who is a member and wishes to log in can see it.

If you have already created your password by logging in, just go ahead and log in. If you are a member, the Gazette link is on the landing page.

NOTE: If you have already been assigned an Executive or Branch Membership Admin role, you will land on the Executive page. Follow the link (mid-page) to the Members Section.

…Publications Committee

Haven’t logged in yet?

In this case, at the homepage uelac.ca, scroll down the page to see “HELP for those logging in for the first time” and follow those instructions carefully. This will create your password which you can then use to log in now, and in the future. In your “My Account” page is a link to change your password, should you wish to do so.

NOTE: Most members have been entered into the membership system. However, the email addresses for some have not been. The “Help” instructions have guidance about what to do if your email address is not in place correctly. We can add your email address, if the system indicates that you are a current member. If not, we will have to sort that out with your branch membership person.

Enjoy the latest Loyalist Gazette!

Where in the World?

Where are Ruth and Claire Nicholson of Hamilton Branch?

To participate, submit a photo of yourself in UELAC promotional gear at a place of some note and tell us where it is (if you are a member of a branch, please indicate that as well). Send your submission to the editor at loyalist.trails@uelac.org.

Region and Branch Bits

From the UELAC branches, news and events of interest to others.

Bicentennial Branch General Meeting, Nov. 16

Branch November General Meeting

Saturday, Nov. 16, 2019, at 1:00 pm

Church of the Epiphany, 96 Main St. W, Kingsville, ON

Guest Speaker: Glen Stott – “General Duncan McArthur’s Last Invasion”

Kawartha Branch, Nov. 17

Sunday 17 November 2019, at 2:00pm

Mount Community Centre, 1545 Monaghan Road, Peterborough, ON

Anne Redish UE, Central East Regional Vice-President UELAC will do a workshop on how to access and use the Library and Archives in Ottawa in order to find primary-source[d] information about our families.

From the Twittersphere and Beyond

  • Gravestone of Benjamin Whitear (1738-1834) in Saint Paul’s Anglican Church Cemetery at Centre Rawdon, Nova Scotia. Born in Fairfield, Connecticut, when American Revolution began he joined 2nd Battalion, 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants).  Brian McConnell UE
  • The recently returned rifle made by Johann Christian Oerter in 1775 is now on display in Cost of Revolution section of the Museum of the American Revolution! The Continental Army riflemen often carried rifles like this one when going head-to-head against the British light infantry.
  • This Week in History
    • 9 Nov 1768, redcoats moved out of the Representatives’ Chamber in the Town House (now the Old State House).  Due to a stalemate between the town and the governor over quarters, the soldiers had been camped there for over a month.
    • Nov. 8, 1769 VA Governor’s Council responds to the  Governor, approving of plans to remove import duties. Washington notes in his diary they “chose not to make an issue of the remaining tax [on tea] at this time.”
    • Nov 7, 1775, Joseph Reed arrived home in Philadelphia. He’d left in June, promising his wife Esther he’d ride with George Washington only to New York. He’d served four months as the general’s military secretary.
    • Nov 8, 1775, Col. Benedict Arnold wrote to Washington that he’d reached French settlements. His men were “all happily arrived (except one man drowned and one or two sick – and Col. Enos’s division, who, I am surprised to hear, are all gone back).”
    • 5 Nov 1776 Committee of Charlton MA asks state legislature for authority to protect evacuated Loyalists’ property.
    • 3 Nov 1777 Washington learns of conspiracy to convince Congress to replace him with Gates as Commander in Chief.
    • 6 Nov 1777 HMS Syren runs aground off Pt. Judith CT, leading to capture of crew and weapons.
    • 8 Nov 1776 Washington gives Gen Greene permission to abandon Ft. Washington; Greene stays.
    • 6 Nov. ?? The Governor of Jamaica reports to London “the North Americans are amply supplied with Gun powder and other Military Stores by the French in Hispanola; which is sold at an advanc’d price by the inhabitants.”
    • 7 Nov 1781  Patriot soldier shoots Loyalist during surrender negotiations at Cloud’s Creek SC, triggering massacre.
    • 4 Nov 1782 American forces attack foraging party on John’s Island SC, last battle before Treaty of Paris drafted.
  • Townsends:
  • Clothing and Related:
    • Eliza Hamilton’s Caps. Eliza appears to have continued wearing a variation of  mourning for her husband Alexander for the fifty remaining years of her life. She also appears to have continued dressing in the fashions of 1804, the year in which he died. her plain black dresses were relieved by a pleated white ruffle at the neck, and a white muslin or linen cap. As the 19thc progressed, however, caps fell from favor, and by mid-century, they were primarily worn by older women and widows like Eliza. Read more…
    • From #SchuylerSisters exhibition @AlbanyInstitute Linen & baleen stays c1760 From #HistoricCherryHill; Save every scrap! A much-pieced 18thc pocket, marked “MVR/4” worn by Maria Sanders Van Rensselaer (1749-1830).
    • 18th Century dress, robe à la volante, red silk woven with a design of foliage. Once belonged to the Earls of Haddington, Silk woven 1726-1728, dress made c.1740
    • Rear view of an 18th Century dress, robe à l’anglaise of pleated green silk, 1770’s via Kerry Taylor Auctions
    • 18th Century women’s stomacher, a decorative piece that sat over the torso which fastened the overcoat of the gown by being pinned into place. This example shows painted pastoral scenes nestled into elaborate silk & metallic embroidery
    • 18th Century dress, robe à l’anglaise, c1775, The fabric was designed by Anna Maria Garthwaite, an important English textile designer and the only woman known to have worked in Spitalfields, London.
    • 18th Century wedding dress, worn by Miss Sarah Boddicott, for her celebrations to her second cousin, Samuel Tyssen on 28 September 1779, at St John’s church in Hackney, London. Spitalfields silk with silver fringe
    • 18th Century Robe à la Française, detail of the skirt section which is decorated with a wide embroidered strip, bordered with a strip of lilac satin with appliqués & feminine neo-classical designs, 1770-1790
    • Embroidered waistcoat, c1783, worn at Versailles by Jeremiah Wadsworth (1743-1804) of CT
    • 18th Century men’s coat and waistcoat detail, 1790’s, This young man’s tailcoat, with its high turned-down collar, narrow back, and wide lapels, exemplifies the exaggerated silhouette fashionable in post-revolutionary France.
    • 18th Century men’s coat, rear view, green striped silk taffeta, c. 1785
  • Miscellaneous:
    • County compromises on heritage features. Norfolk County has cut a Vittoria  ON business some slack regarding renovations to a historic church. The county’s heritage and culture division came to Norfolk council this week seeking enforcement of an order to restore designated features at the former Vittoria Baptist Church on Lamport Street. The church was built in 1852 in the Greek Doric Revival style. The congregation that occupied it was formed in 1803 and was comprised of United Empire Loyalists. As such, the congregation was the oldest in Norfolk County until it dispersed several years ago. Read more…
    • When searching for a wife in 1832 a man from Dorset bluntly stated that ‘I do not want a second family. I want a woman to look after the pigs while I am out at work’. (Dorset County Chronicle – Thursday 23 August 1832.  (read the advert)

Additions to the Loyalist Directory

As time permits, we add information to the Loyalist Directory. The latest additions and updates are as follows:

  • Burritt, Daniel – by volunteer Jo Ann Tuskin
  • Griffis, William – by volunteer Jo Ann Tuskin

Please help us build the directory by contributing information. Contact loyalist.trails@uelac.org for guidance.

Last Post

Doris Elynore Reynolds, UE

It is with profound sadness that we announce the passing of Doris Reynolds on Tuesday evening of October 29, 2019 less than one month from her 98th birthday. Doris is predeceased by her husband of 61 years, Walter (Bud) Reynolds. Loving mother to Richard (Rita), Stephen, Patricia and Elizabeth Babcock (Doug). Grandma will be sadly missed by her adoring grandchildren Lauren Schmuck, Jim Babcock (Rebecca), Emily Reynolds and Christina Babcock. Doris is survived by her sister Norma Goodwin (Harold deceased) and predeceased by her siblings, Mildred Mitchell (Gerald), Howard Welsh (Tiny) and Glenn Welsh (Doreen). Doris will be fondly remembered by her cousin Jane Laman and honorary daughter Kathy Lou.

Doris was born in Moorefield, Ontario on November 19, 1921 to Rufus David Welsh and Matilda Gladys Cober. It was in Moorefield that she met and fell in love with a local school teacher Walter (Bud) Reynolds. They were married September 19, 1941. Shortly afterward, Bud was sent overseas to fight in World War II as a bomber pilot. While he was gone Doris worked for a company in Goderich where they made tires for airplanes in the war effort. When the war ended Doris and Bud moved to Kitchener, then Hamilton and finally to Ancaster in 1955.

Doris was a founding member of Marshall Memorial United Church where she was very active in the UCW. She was very proud of her United Empire Loyalist heritage. She was active in the community; proudly voting in the last federal election just days before her passing. Doris loved to read and kept up to date in current affairs, reading the newspaper daily. Doris loved being with people and socializing. She had a wide circle of friends and everyone who met her liked her. Her family was everything to her.

Cremation has taken place. The family will receive friends at the DODSWORTH AND BROWN Funeral Home ANCASTER CHAPEL, 378 Wilson St. E., Ancaster, Ontario on Saturday, November 2, 2019 from 1-3 p.m. followed by a Service of Remembrance at 3 p.m. In lieu of flowers, the family would appreciate donations to the Hamilton/Burlington SPCA. Online condolences available at www.dbancaster.ca.

Doris was a member of Hamilton Branch UELAC. In 2013 Pat Blackburn presented Doris with her Loyalist Certificate as a proven descendant of Samuel Welch.

…Pat Blackburn

Glenn Snook, UE

A man of great stature, completed his journey on earth October 26, 2019. He was born in Cataraqui June 25, 1931, the only child of Harold and Laura Snook. His early years were spent alongside his parents as they ran a gas station and food concession. When his mother was busy, babysitting was riding the big trucks hauling wood with his dad and the men. At age seven they moved to work the Lindsay family farm north of Sydenham. He attended Rosedale school and began his driving career at age 14 taking the farmers milk to the dairy in Sydenham before walking up the hill to Sydenham High School. It was there he met his sweetheart, Clara, beginning a romance of 73 years. They married July 26, 1952 “between the hay and the grain”. They began life together in the Lindsay farmhouse, caring for the grandparents until they died and lovingly raising their girls. Glenn enjoyed working with his dad on the farm but times were hard and in 1969 they sold the cows and Glenn spent long evening hours obtaining his Assessment (AIMA) and Appraisal (AACI) diplomas to become a municipal assessor followed by a seventeen year appraisal career at Revenue Canada. Retirement in 1987 was followed by seven years as a certified instructor with the Ontario Real Estate Board. Glenn and Clara loved to travel and their retirement years saw them traversing Canada, USA, and Mexico in their motor home as well as excursions to much of Europe, China and Israel.

Glenn lived a life of service in his community (school board trustee, fire warden, L&A Mutual Insurance Board of Directors) and the Free Methodist church where he willingly filled leadership positions at the local and national level as well as lent his many skills to any task that needed doing and gladly worked until the job was done. His pick-up was always available. He was a kind and supportive dad to his girls and a loving mentor and grandpa to his five grandchildren. He loved little ones and was thrilled when three great grandchildren came along.

His beloved Clara died April 12th of this year. He will be so missed by his daughters Susan (Brian) Powley, Nancy (Peter) Timan, grandchildren Sarah (Darryl) Kingdon, Andrew Powley, Jesse Powley, David Timan, Anneke (Jeremy) Gretton and great grandchildren Hanna and Jack Kingdon and Clara Joy Gretton. He was an admired uncle of the Henderson cousins: Anne, Michael, Mary-Alice, Anthony and their families and a faithful friend, confidant and mentor to so many.

Glenn was a long-time member of Kingston and District Branch, UELAC.

The family invites you to join them at Harrowsmith Free Methodist Church, 3876 Harrowsmith Road on Friday, November 1st from 2-4pm and 7-9pm and the funeral on Saturday November 2nd at 11 am.

In honour of his lifelong generosity, donations can be made to the Harrowsmith Free Methodist Church, Kingston University Hospital Foundation or to a charity of your choice.

Arrangements entrusted to Lyons Funeral Home.


Responses re What was a Great Coat?

What was a Great Coat? Did it look like this, maybe, or different?

From Wikipedia:

A greatcoat, also known as a watchcoat, is a large overcoat that is typically made of wool designed for warmth and protection against the weather. Its collar and cuffs can be turned out to protect the face and hands from cold and rain, and the short cape around the shoulders provides extra warmth and repels rainwater (if made of a waterproof material). During the 17th and 18th centuries and the Industrial Revolution, greatcoats became available for all social classes. It was popular in the 19th century as a military uniform and casual wear for the wealthy, and is still issued for inclement weather by many armed forces around the world.

The coat generally hangs down below the knees and the cape is kept short, normally just above or below the elbows. It also sports deep pockets for keeping letters and food dry. It is typically coloured grey, though other colours may be used (e.g. black, brown, navy blue). One type of greatcoat is the Petersham (named after Viscount Petersham).

• From George King: see a page of pictures – Great Coat 18th Century Men.

• From Wilfred Cosby UE: My 3 brothers were in the armed services in the last war, they were issued great coats each winter, the coats were long overcoats and khaki in colour, the air force were blue, very heavy with a big collar. Sorry, no pictures.

• From Elsie Schneider: The one I had was black, but same principle as in this picture. It had a big collar, was long, covered my knees, very heavy, very warm. I used to wear one when out riding my horse in winter. kept me very warm. When it eventually wore out, I replaced it with an Australian outback coat. it did the same thing, only thing it was waxed. I still have that one. but the great coat was simply GREAT on cold winter days. You were kept warm, dry. Mind you, how they could fight wearing it would have been very tough. it was extremely heavy.