In this issue:
- 2022 UELAC Conference Presentation: “Life in Exile”
- From Fear and Danger Free: Loyalist Tombstones Tell Their Stories, Part Three, by Stephen Davidson UE
- JAR: Hell’s Half-Acre: The Fall of Loyalist Crean Brush
- CommonPlace: Salt and Deep History in the Ohio Country
- JAR: Brown’s Raid on Ticonderoga and Mount Independence
- Ben Franklin’s World: His London House
- Fighting Talk: One Boy’s Journey from Abandonment to Trafalgar
- The Largest Slave Auction in U.S. History
- Peter Williamson aka “Indian Peter” of the 18th-Century
- National Trust for Canada: Canada’s stories are told through our unforgettable places.
- New Archive for Loyalist Trails
- Who are the People In The Picture?
- Upcoming Events:
- From the Twittersphere and Beyond
- Last Post: DREW UE, Marianne Evelyn (nee Van Deusen)
Connect with us:
2022 UELAC Conference Presentation: “Life in Exile”
Conference: “From Heartbreak to Hope in the Heart of the Continent”
May 25th to 29th, 2022. Hosted by Manitoba Branch, UELAC. Mark the dates.
The 2022 Dominion Conference Presentations: “Eclectic and Inclusive”.
Dr. Bonnie Huskins will be presenting “Life in Exile: How Loyalist Women in the Maritimes Contributed to their Families’ Survival and the (Re) Formation of Community“.
Dr. Huskins teaches history at St. Thomas University, is Adjunct Professor at the University of New Brunswick, and a member of “The Loyalist Network”.
She is a specialist in the social history of the Maritimes focussing on Loyalist and Acadian celebrations and commemorations. She has published in such journals as Acadiensis, Atlantic Studies, The Journal of New Brunswick Studies, and The Journal of the Royal Nova Scotia Historical Society.
Dr. Huskins most recent publication is a monograph (with Michael Boudreau) entitled” Just the Usual Work: the Social World of Ida Martin, Working Class Diarist” (2021).
She has also published blogs on integrating the history of American Revolutionary Loyalists into the classroom and produced a podcast on the Loyalists as part of” Ben Franklin’s World”.
A more complete list of her publications can be found on her faculty-staff page at UNB.
Relevant websites include:
- Loyalist House, Saint John, NB
- Trinity Church, Saint John, NB
- Loyalist Burial Grounds in New Brunswick:
- Old Burial Ground, Saint John NB
- Loyalist Provincial Burial Grounds, New Brunswick
- Old Burial Ground, Fredericton NB
Mary Steinhoff, Chair, 2022 Conference Planning Committee, Manitoba Branch
From Fear and Danger Free: Loyalist Tombstones Tell Their Stories, Part Three of Four
copyright Stephen Davidson UE
Beyond her many descendants, the only remaining physical evidence of Mary Hunt Wyer’s existence is her tombstone in the Loyalist Cemetery of St. Andrew’s, New Brunswick. The 37 year-old woman’s epitaph was a prayer that reminded its readers of God’s mercies “through affliction’s gloom”. It was a fitting sentiment for a woman who had endured the upheavals of the American Revolution.
At her death, Mary left 9 children in the care of her husband, Thomas Wyer. The oldest was 17 and the youngest just a week old. As she was Wyer’s third wife, Mary was also survived by two stepchildren, Jeremy Pote Wyer (25) and Thomas Wyer Jr. (21).
Mary’s husband, Thomas Wyer, would be laid to rest in the same graveyard 23 years later. It is his story, rather than Mary’s, that provides the details of the “gloom” that afflicted this Loyalist couple throughout their lives.
As with the majority of the Loyalist refugees who made St. Andrew’s, New Brunswick their home, Thomas Wyer had been a resident of Falmouth, Massachusetts (today’s Portland, Maine) at the outset of the American Revolution. By the time Wyer was 31 years old, he was married to Sarah Francis, employed as a customs officer, and was active in the timber trade. He had a “comfortable mansion” stocked with valuable furniture and had his own pew in the local church.
Wyer’s comfortable life quickly came apart as Massachusetts erupted with talk of independence from Great Britain. Falmouth’s rebels tried to draft Thomas, and when he refused to serve he “was taken up and abused by the mob”. He was compelled to pay a fine, and was then later brought before the colony’s assembly for his loyalty to the crown.
Wyer’s afflictions only increased. In the fall of 1775, his home and wharf were among the 400 buildings destroyed by fire during the naval bombardment of Falmouth. Led by Captain Henry Mowat, the British attack on the town was meant to be a demonstration of the consequences of rebellion. Rather than dampening Patriot ambition, the attack triggered the beginning of the flight of Falmouth’s Loyalist families to places of refuge.
At some point in this turmoil, Thomas’ wife Sarah died. By 1776, Wyer and his second wife had become the parents of a son. The boy was named for Jeremiah Pote, a Falmouth merchant and the father of Wyer’s new wife Joanna. A year later, Wyer and his father-in-law felt compelled to flee Falmouth for the safety of Nova Scotia. Joanna and her infant son may have stayed in Falmouth until she was reunited with Thomas when he joined the British forces based in New York City.
While in New York, Wyer used his sailing skills as the captain of the British Tar, an armed brigantine having a crew of 65 men. During his 9-month command of the vessel, Wyer had –in his words—“two smart engagements with two rebel privateers at different times”. When the brigantine became unseaworthy, Wyer served in the transport service.
In 1780, Wyer and other Loyalists he had known in Falmouth began to settle in Penobscot (Maine). His second son, Thomas Jr., was born that spring. When Penobscot was determined to be part of the territory of the new United States, the Wyer family moved 215 km up the coast to settle in St. Andrew’s, New Brunswick. By this time, Wyer had become a widower for a second time. The father of two young boys married for a third time, taking as his wife Mary Hunt, woman 20 years his junior.
Between 1783 and 1801, the couple had 9 children: Robert, Joanna, Rebecca, James, William, David, Miriam, Elizabeth, and Mary. Given that Mary Wyer died just a week after the birth of her last child, it would seem that her death was the result of complications around her last daughter’s delivery. It was a far too common “affliction” of this era.
During their 17-year marriage, both Thomas and Mary Wyer had been very active in their separate spheres of life. Mary had the responsibilities of managing a home and raising 11 children. Thomas was initially employed as an agent of the British Government for settling and allotting land to New Brunswick’s loyalist refugees. He later served a five year term as the first Sheriff of Charlotte County, and went on to become a Judge of the Common Pleas, and eventually a deputy colonial treasurer. He was also one of the first wardens at All Saints Church, a role that saw him serve as an official witness to local weddings.
Thomas Wyer and his brother-in-law Robert Pagan (the men had both married daughters of Jeremiah Pote) were instrumental in defining the border between New Brunswick and Maine. As Charlotte County’s sheriff, Wyer had maintained that Britain had control over land extending to modern day Eastport, Maine that was situated in territory to the east of the St. Croix River. The Americans claimed that their border was located west of the St. Croix River.
It was Robert Pagan who settled the matter when he uncovered the remains of an old French fortification built in the early seventeenth century on an island mid-stream in the St. Croix. These ruins proved that the St. Croix was the border as intended by the 1783 Treaty of Paris.
Wyer’s admirable public service did not free him from “afflictions” and “gloom” His oldest son, Jeremiah Pote Wyer, died at 18 years old in Jamaica where he contracted a fever as a ship’s mate. Robert Pagan Wyer, his oldest son by Mary, died at 17 while he was an apprentice in Saint John. James Bartholomew Wyer, Mary’s fourth child, also died while engaged with trade in Jamaica.
Nevertheless, Thomas and Miriam Wyer would become the grandparents of many descendants. Their daughter Mary Jack had seven children, Elizabeth Parker had ten, Rebecca Jack had nine, and Joanna Currey had four. Thomas Wyer Jr., the son of Thomas’s second wife Joanna, had six children.
Thomas Wyer died in his 80th year on February 24, 1824. Given that his will was composed just 8 days before his death, it appears that Wyer was aware that his health was failing. Seven of his children survived him and were bequeathed equal shares of his estate.
The graveyard in which Wyer was buried was larger than it had been at the time of his third wife’s death. In 1821, the Anglican cemetery was extended with an adjoining lot that had originally been granted to Thomas Wyer. According to Canada’s Historic Places, “Initially, this was strictly the second Anglican cemetery in the town. It is presumed that the bodies from the initial cemetery were removed to this cemetery when it opened in 1794, as the earliest stone is dated 1788.”
Wyer’s epitaph provides no clues to all that transpired in his life as a Loyalist refugee. Instead, it speaks to the faith that got him through “affliction’s gloom”. It reads:
Jesus, thy blood and righteousness
My beauty are, my glorious dress,
Midst flaming worlds in this array’d
With joy shall I lift up my head,
When from the dust of death I rise
To claim my mansion in the skies
Ev’n then shall this be all my plea
Jesus hath lived, hath died for me
One last set of stories of the Loyalists buried in St. Andrew’s old graveyard will be told in next week’s Loyalist Trails.
To secure permission to reprint this article contact the author at email@example.com.
JAR: Hell’s Half-Acre: The Fall of Loyalist Crean Brush
by Eric Wiser 19 January, 2022
On October 18, 1777, New York provincial assemblyman, and tory, Crean Brush, penned his final will and testament from prison in Boston. After nineteen months of incarceration which included being held in irons, and “in a state of body and mind so debilitated by misfortune,” Brush made provisions for his wife Margaret, stepdaughter Frances, and biological daughter in Ireland, Elizabeth.
American rebels captured Brush during the British evacuation of Boston in March 1776. Destined for Nova Scotia, Brush and his cargo of confiscated linens and silks were on a ship captured by privateers off Cape Ann. Three weeks after writing his will, Brush turned the tables on his captors and escaped. His daughter Elizabeth wrote that with “the assistance of a faithful friend he effected his escape . . . in the disguise of an Indian.” An early American biographer tells it differently:
On Wednesday, the 5th of November following, Mrs. Brush, as was her custom, visited her husband in his cell, and remained with him several hours. The time for locking up the prisoners for the night having come, she was requested to terminate her visit. As the turnkey stood at the door, waiting for her appearance, a tall figure in woman’s garb passed out of the cell, walked with deliberation to the outer door, and disappeared in the darkness . . . Mr. Brush had escaped in his wife’s clothing.
Having slipped past the jail guards, Brush managed a journey from Boston to British-controlled New York City, his first home in America after immigrating from the Kingdom of Ireland in 1762. Read more…
CommonPlace: Salt and Deep History in the Ohio Country
By Annabel LaBrecque
Indeed, early American salt makers exploited productive precedents established by generations of people who had engaged with salt resources for thousands of years. This deeper history of salt shaped space, relations, and power dynamics during the eighteenth century in ways both explicit and obscure.
George Bluejacket was living at Wapaughkonnetta, Ohio, in 1829 when he recorded the history of the Shawnee people. Son of the famed eighteenth-century leader of the same name, Bluejacket devoted much of his narrative to explaining what had enabled Shawnees to endure and thrive in what was known during the eighteenth century as the Ohio Country. The region, Bluejacket explained, abounded with se-pe (rivers), me-to-quegh-ke (forests), and different animals—a reflection of the region’s bounty of life-giving resources.
However, Shawnee origins, according to Bluejacket, began not with rivers, land, or forests, but with saltwater.
…did not lose everything to the great salt water. Instead, they made their home upon the old sea floor.
Bluejacket’s telling pointed to a geological truth that would take geologists more than a century to even consider. Modern geology now affirms that parts of present-day West Virginia, Kentucky, and Ohio once constituted the floor of the Iapetus Ocean, a 600-million-year-old extinct body of water that preceded the formation of the Atlantic Ocean. Read more… [Editor: quite fascinating]
JAR: Brown’s Raid on Ticonderoga and Mount Independence
by Michael Barbieri 20 January 2022
This story begins five weeks after Gen. John Burgoyne’s army forced the Americans to abandon positions on Lake Champlain in July 1777.
On August 12, Gen. Benjamin Lincoln wrote to Washington telling him, “I am to return with the militia . . . to the northward, with a design to fall into the rear of Burgoyne.” A few days later, Lincoln met with Generals Horatio Gates and George Clinton at Gates’ camp nine miles north of Albany where the officers worked out goals for the expedition. The mission would be to harass Burgoyne’s army in a manner that “will most annoy, divide, and distract the enemy.” The corps would also look to protect against foragers and to restrain Loyalists. Given considerable discretion as to how to conduct the mission, Lincoln needed to take care to keep his force intact and in a position to attack the enemy’s flank if they retreated.
Three days later, several Massachusetts militia regiments received orders to gather in Bennington, Vermont. Lincoln told them to “Leave behind all our heavy Baggage & to Take one Shift of Cloaths only.” A high level of mobility being necessary, the little army would travel light with everyone living out of their blanket rolls, tumplines, and knapsacks.
Lincoln felt satisfied with the plan: “in the eligibility of it I am daily more confirmed.” Gates apparently did not feel quite so assured when he wrote to Lincoln on August 29, “I wish once more to see you here, that you, & I, [Gen. Benedict] Arnold, [Gen. John] Glover, & [Col. Daniel] Morgan, may settle a Fixed Plan for Our Future Operations.” Gates wanted Gen. John Stark to attend the meeting but that would have left the forces around Bennington without a commander so he told Lincoln to ask Stark for his opinion.
The officers decided that the base for Lincoln’s operation would be Pawlet, Vermont. The town sat thirty-five miles north of Bennington with access from the north and west limited to two roads between steep, high mountains thereby affording protection from British attack. Circumstances placed Pawlet midway between Burgoyne and his primary supply depot at Ticonderoga, with the posts guarding that supply line just a few miles to the west. Read more…
Ben Franklin’s World: His London House
Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston on January 17, 1706, to Abiah Folger and Josiah Franklin. Although Franklin began his life as the youngest son of a youngest son, he traveled through many parts of what is now the northeastern United States and the Province of Quebec and lived in four different cities in three different countries: Boston, Philadelphia, London, and Passy, France.
Marcia Baliciano, the Founding Director of the Benjamin Franklin House museum in London, joins us to explore Benjamin Franklin’s life in London. Franklin lived in London between 1757 and 1775. Marcia helps us investigate this period of Franklin’s life using details from the largest artifact Franklin left behind: his rented rooms in the house at 36 Craven Street in London.
During our exploration, Marcia reveals why Benjamin Franklin lived in London between 1757 and 1775. Franklin’s work as a colonial agent, scientist, and postmaster general. And, details about Franklin’s room and life at his home at 36 Craven Street in London. Listen in…
Fighting Talk: One Boy’s Journey from Abandonment to Trafalgar
Exhibit at the Foundling Museum
The Battle of Trafalgar, it might sound familiar. What won’t is the voice of eighteenth-century foundling and sailor George King, whose first-hand account of the battle we are sharing for the first time in our autumn exhibition, Fighting Talk: One Boy’s Journey from Abandonment to Trafalgar.
You won’t have heard of George King before, but you should have. His life, with its ups and downs, reads like the pages of a novel. And thanks to his foresight in writing his story down you’ll uncover his tales of being press-ganged into the Navy, surviving brutal and bloody battles, meeting enslaved people in South Carolina and letting his hair down at the theatre in London’s West End.
George King (10 June 1787– 31 July 1857) was child number 18,053 at the Foundling Hospital, where he was taught to read and write — a rare skill for working-class people in the eighteenth century. His autobiography, and this exhibition, shares the story of a boy growing up. Read more…
The Largest Slave Auction in U.S. History
By Geri Walton | January 17, 2022
The story of America’s largest slave auction involves Pierce Mease who was born to Sarah Butler. Her father was Pierce Butler, an Irish-American, South Carolina rice planter, slaveholder, politician, an officer in the American Revolutionary War. He also served as a state legislator, member of Congress of the confederation, 1787 Constitutional delegate, and member of the United States Senate. In addition, just like Benjamin Franklin, George Washington, and Thomas Jefferson, Pierce Butler was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
Pierce Butler was also one of the largest slaveholders in the United States and because of political and personal reasons, he defended slavery even though he had private misgivings about the slave trade and the institution of slavery. He was also the person who introduced the fugitive slave clause, Article IV, Section 2, Clause 3. It required slaves who escaped to another state and were captured to be returned to their owner in the state from which they escaped.
By 1793, Pierce Butler had become a wealthy plantation owner. He possessed some 500 slaves that grew to more than 1,000 slaves by the time he died in on 15 February 1822. Read more…
Peter Williamson aka “Indian Peter” of the 18th-Century
By Geri Walton | June 21, 2021
Peter Williamson, also known as “Indian Peter,” was a Scottish memoirist who was part showman, part entrepreneur and inventor. He was born to James Williamson in Hirnlay near Aboyne and he described his parents as “respectable” though not rich.
At a young age he was sent to live with an aunt in Aberdeen. While playing on the quay at Aberdeen, he was kidnapped. He later wrote about the incident in his biography stating:
“I was taken notice of by two fellows belonging to a vessel in the harbour, employed, as the trade then was, by some of the worthy merchants in the town, in that villainous and execrable practice, called ‘kidnapping,’ that is stealing your children from their parents, and selling them as slaves in the plantations abroad.”
Although not exclusive to Abderdeen, Peter Williamson’s kidnapping happened during the time of a thriving slave trade that involved children. Those involved in the kidnapping and selling children found it highly profitable because they got a cut for every child they sold and they could make as much as Â£16 per child.* In Williamsons case, Aberdeen civic officers, like burgesses or bailies, were in cahoots with ship masters and captains and after the kidnappings the children were transported to North America.
Williamson claimed in his autobiography that he was eight at the time he was kidnapped, but others maintain he was ten. Either way, he was forcibly taken to North America and sold as an indentured servant in Philadelphia for Â£16 to Hugh Wilson, who was Scottish and who had also supposedly been kidnapped as a youth but had earned his freedom. Read more …about his marriage, capture by Indians,and return to Scotland.
National Trust for Canada: Canada’s stories are told through our unforgettable places.
Whether you are interested in castles, former jails, lighthouses, mansions, train stations or Indigenous heritage there’s a Passport Place for you. There’s no better way to discover Canada’s history than in an actual historic place. Discover places that amaze, delight, and inform.
Enjoy FREE admission at these special places with your National Trust membership. Membership starts at only $40. Join today!
See the list of Passport Places.
New Archive for Loyalist Trails
I have just finished visiting the “archives” website for Loyalist Trails. It looks great! I think people should find it easy to navigate. …Reader
It was a large task but all the past issues of Loyalist Trails which began in April, 2004 have been moved and form part of the Loyalist Trails page on the new website.
Who are the People In The Picture?
We have not posted a new photo this week, but the people on one photo have been identified (that photo has been moved to a new page “We Know Who’s In The Picture!”) and most of those in another photo which remains on the original page until all are identified.
Robert Wilkins UE, President of Heritage Branch, identified the people in this photo. He writes:
In photo 2-16-23, the late Ellen Stephenson is the lady in the grey dress, standing in front of the late Malcolm Loucks (a one-time Branch President of Heritage Branch in the mid-1970s, who lived in Westmount, Quebec and later moved to Oakville, Ontario). Ellen, who lived in Montreal, but ended her days in Dieppe, New Brunswick. was a descendant of Loyalists William Burk and Arthur Branscombe, to the best of my knowledge. Malcolm was, I believe, a descendant of Loyalist George Loucks. They were both longtime Heritage Branch members.
In that same photo, I believe the lady in the pink dress beside Malcolm Loucks is his wife, Barbara. Beside her, the lady in the blue dress is the late Blanche Johnstone, who was a proud descendant of Loyalist Charles Inglis, first (Anglican) Bishop of Nova Scotia. Blanche was also a Heritage Branch member for many years, and a close friend of the late Phoebe Hyde. Blanche lived near Phoebe in Hudson Heights, Quebec, and later in Westmount. She is buried in Hudson.
Robert Wilkins UE, President of Heritage Branch, also identified the people in this photo. He writes:
My involvement with the UELAC began with the Convention (as we then called the annual conference) in Lennoxville, Quebec, in 1989, featuring H.R.H. the Prince Philip as guest of honour. The 1989 UELAC Convention was held on the campus of Bishop’s University in Lennoxville, Quebec. The first ever UELAC conference held in Quebec, it celebrated in particular the 75th anniversary of the incorporation of the UELAC by Act of Parliament in 1914 and the 200th anniversary of the U.E. Mark of Honour, established by Lord Dorchester’s proclamation of 1789.
The Convention was organized by Heritage and Sir John Johnson Centennial Branches (before Little Forks Branch was established), under the direction of the late Okill Stuart, then Heritage Branch President and later Dominion President (1994-1996). Okill was a former classmate of H.R.H. from Gordonstoun School before WW II, which, of course, helped in attracting that royal personage to the event. I think the late William Smy of Col. John Butler Branch provided Okill with much valuable information re protocol and procedure in royal events.
The late Gerry Rogers was a keen photographer and Director of Programs for Heritage Branch; so it does not surprise me that the Okill Stuart Fonds contains many of Gerry’s photos.
The couple in photo 2-16-15, taken in front of the John H. Price Centre on the Bishop’s University Campus, are the late Charles Marsh and his wife, Margaret. They were longtime members of Heritage Branch.
Charles was not a Loyalist descendant and so was just what was then termed an Associate Member of the Branch and the Association.
Margaret, whose full name was Mary Margaret McRae Marsh, claimed to be descended from one Ann McNiel, wife of Donald McRae, of Lochiel Township in Glengarry County, Upper Canada.
But it appears from the documents I found that Ann McNiel was born in 1797, thus too late for her to have been a Loyalist. There is no indication that her husband Donald or that her husband’s father, whose name I think was Duncan McRae, were UELs. Her father-in-law seems to have been born in Scotland according to the documents in the Branch files. He may well have come directly from there to Upper Canada without ever having been in the Thirteen Colonies in the Revolutionary or pre-Revolutionary period. I found no indication that the UELAC ever issued Margaret a U.E. certificate.
Fort Plain Webinar: Lafayette at Brandywine Jan 31 @7:00 ET
The Making of an American Hero. America’s first international hero, the Marquis Lafayette, risked his life and spent his fortune in the fight for American independence. The importance of the battle of Brandywine, where Lafayette was wounded on September 11, 1777, has not been recognized as a major turning point in America’s independence. Bruce Mowday – an award-winning author – will address Lafayette’s role in America’s fight for freedom and the historical importance of the battle of Brandywine. More information. Registration.
Gov. Simcoe Branch: “Back Country Cunninghams” by Wayne Lynch 2 Feb @7:30
“Back Country Cunninghams in the American Revolution”
The Cunningham family were the most influential Loyalist family of South Carolina before the revolution. This presentation digs into the lives and stories of four primary family members. More details and registration.
By Wayne Lynch, a researcher of the Southern Campaigns of the American Revolution and publisher of 40+ articles and research papers, mostly about the life and contributions of various Patriots or Loyalists from the southern back country.
or Register directly. Wed. 2 Feb. 7:15 for 7:30 EST, virtual, on zoom
From the Twittersphere and Beyond
- Maintaining heritage sites is an investment in economic development: Disney film production coming to Shelburne this spring. Washington Black, an award-winning novel by Canadian author Esi Edugyan, is being made into a nine-part mini-series. Read more…
- The Rev. Roger Viets, first Anglican Rector of Digby, in a letter dated Dec. 1, 1785 reported people of Parish having “escaped from robbery & oppression all but empty handed…at once commenced clearing away the forest, building and planting…” Brian McConnell @brianm564
- The building in which General Benedict Arnold resided while in Saint John, New Brunswick from 1787 to 1791 was at the corner of King and Cross Streets. After Arnold left for England it was sold for 350 pounds. The Deed described it as lately occupied by Benedict Arnold.
- This week in History
- 20 Jan 1734 Robert Morris was born in Liverpool, England. In Charles Rappleye’s “Financier of the Revolution”, we learn about the rise and fall of Morris, who is largely remembered for his financial contributions to the war effort.
- 19 Jan 1770 Riot known as the Battle of Golden Hill erupts when British post handbills attacking Sons of Liberty.
- 19 Jan 1775, the Topsfield town meeting formed a committee on minutemen and reelected Capt. Samuel Smith to the provincial congress. Each Massachusetts town grappled with questions of how far to defy the royal government in 1774-75.
- 16 Jan 1776 Loyalists in British-occupied Boston tear down Patriots’ old North Meeting House to use for firewood.
- 21 Jan 1776 Washington directs regiments to purchase firearms, offers enlistees bonuses for bringing own weapons.
- 15 Jan 1777 Vermont declares independence from Britain–and New-York, remaining an independent Republic to 1791.
- 17 Jan 1777 Patriot forces begin moving on a British post at Ft. Independence, King’s Bridge.
- 18 Jan 1777 Congress orders signed copies of Declaration of Independence sent to the States.
- 17 Jan 1781 Americans rout British at Cowpens, undermining idea that they could not defeat British in open battle.
- 20 Jan 1781: 300 weary American troops at Pompton, New-Jersey mutiny, in echo of earlier Pennsylvania Line mutiny.
- 21 Jan 1794 George III ran the gauntlet of a restive crowd to open Parliament: ‘there were 2 attempts made at throwing a stone at the king, the first broke the side glass of the coach, & the second… fell over the coachman’s head’
- Clothing and Related:
- French quilt wool tambour embroidery pieced prob. remade from earlier garment (petticoat; bed hanging?). Quilting stitches travel OVER embroidery in some spots. Textile reassembled & quilted as bedding. All material 18thc including cotton batting – so soft
- 18th Century dress, Robe à la Francaise, ca. 1770-1780
- 18th Century Court dress, Rear view, robe à la francaise of cream silk brocaded with blue floral motifs, linen lining, golden lace trim. 1765-1770
- 18th Century dress, 1760, This formal dress is believed to have belonged to a young girl. Until the last quarter of the 18th century, children were dressed as miniature adults, with girls being put into corseted bodices from about three years old.
- 18th Century dress of sage-green damask satin, late 1770’s. with front closure, elbow-length curved sleeves, the silk woven with large-scale botanical motifs
- 18th Century men’s waistcoat, silk embroidered with a selection of fabulous florals – someone must know what these flowers are? c.1790+
- The Most Complex Broth I’ve Ever Made – Cullis – Townsends
- The child of a Williamsburg watchmaker + midwife, Mary Blaikely Stith appears in a ca. 1745 portrait attrib. to William Dering. Dering also counted the sitter’s mother-in-law among his Virginia gentry patrons.
- How did Old North’s [Boston] early congregants stay warm on cold days like today? They brought small metal boxes known as “foot warmers” to their pews! A hot brick or coal would be placed inside the foot warmer, and the high walls of the box pew would help trap the heat inside.
- Fragments of a cat jug were recorded at the James City County house site of William Drummond, who was hanged for treason in 1676 for his role in Bacon’s Rebellion. This circa 1670 delftware cat jug on exhibit at Jamestown Settlement is one of 13 intact examples known to exist.
Last Post: DREW UE, Marianne Evelyn (nee Van Deusen)
August 23, 1926 – January 17, 2022
Entered into rest at Picton on Monday, January 17, 2022. She was the daughter of the late Charles Ferguson Van Deusen and Annie K. Trimble Van Deusen and wife of the late William John Drew. Evelyn was the loving mother of Donald William Drew and Nancy Anne Drew (Harold S. Kleywegt).
In keeping with her wishes, there will be no visitation or funeral service. A Family Graveside Service will take place at Glenwood Cemetery in the Van Deusen family plot in the spring. More information and online condolences.
To my friends and family, a little farewell note from me:
The time has come for me to leave. Miss me, please, but do not grieve. There are many things to do and see:
Light a candle or a fire.
Choose some flowers (roses, tulips, freesias, pansies, forget-me-nots and pussy willows) to admire.
Then, sit and take the time to pause with fresh-brewed coffee in your hand and realize that it is so grand.
To wake each morning to a day that is filled with things to do and say. Go for a walk, enjoy the scenery on your bike, go golfing, play good music, read a book, play bridge, take a car ride in the country, watch the morning sunrise and evening sunset and when winter comes go for a ski.
And other’s needs don’t overlook – take time to visit with your friends,
And if need be, make amends.
Enjoy a glass of wine.
And dining that is really fine.
Adopt a cat or dog and cherish their lasting friendship.
Marvel in all the wonders of the world that nature offers
Go to a concert or a play, take a journey of discovery,
A lovely way to the end a day.
All these things were dear to me
With family and friends top priority.
And so, I will miss all of you. But now, it is time for me to say “Adieu”.
Evelyn was a life member of Bay of Quinte Branch where she served as President 1985-1987. She was UELAC Dominion President 1974-1976.
Angela Johnson UE
Published by the UELAC
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