In this issue:



2023 Scholarship Challenge, June 1 – September 1, 2023
The scholars we support add to the collective wealth of information and growing body of interpretation and understanding of the Loyalist-era experience.
Most Master and Doctoral scholarships are renewable for a second and third year respectively.
Dr. Timothy J. Compeau, a 2007 UELAC Loyalist Scholarship Award Recipient, is now an assistant professor of history at Huron University College in London, Ontario, and a valued member of the UELAC Loyalist Scholarship Committee.
In 2022 Loyalist Trails published the following paragraph and it bears repeating:

Tim will be forever grateful to the UELAC Loyalist Scholarship for providing the help he needed to complete his initial research and start his career. Travel to the United States, the United Kingdom, and within Canada is crucial for graduate research, and is becoming more expensive than ever. He encourages UELAC members to consider donating to help this important cause and support continued research into Loyalist history!

Funding Future Knowledge will run until September 1, 2023 with updates each week or as often as possible.
Please join the challenge by donating – instructions and address is there to mail a donation, or to donate online via Canada Helps. Watch our success as we meet the challenge goal of $5000.
Christine E. Manzer UE, Chair, Scholarship Committee

Some Loyalists of Rhode Island: William Wanton. Part One of Four
copyright Stephen Davidson UE
William Wanton was the son of an American colony’s last loyalist governor, and yet was opposed to Britain’s taxation of the colonies. He later operated a privateer that preyed on rebel vessels, before being appointed a commissioner in New York City by Sir Guy Carleton. Settling in New Brunswick, he became the colony’s first customs collector – but never enforced the ban on trade with the United States during his 30- year term. He married a prominent Loyalist’s daughter, and was among those who founded the University of New Brunswick. Wanton’s unusual story begins with the fact that he was a Loyalist from Newport, Rhode Island.
When William Wanton stood before the Royal Commission on the Losses and Services of American Loyalists when it convened in London on September 1, 1784, he was 50 years old. The Rhode Island merchant had been in Great Britain since the evacuation of New York City in 1783 and was living on a government allowance of £100 a year. Although he would shortly be on his way to Saint John, New Brunswick, he appeared before the RCLSAL in the hopes of recouping his wartime losses.
William’s father was Joseph Wanton, a governor of Rhode Island who was removed from office due to his loyalism. He once wrote: “The prosperity and happiness of this colony is founded in its connection with Great Britain; for if once we are separated, where shall we find another Britain to supply our loss? Torn from the body to which we are united by religion, liberty, laws and commerce, we must bleed at every vein.”
William’s brother of Joseph Jr. was known as an “overt loyalist”, and several of his sisters were married to prominent British officials. But to receive compensation, William had to demonstrate that he, too, was a genuine Loyalist.
As he gave his testimony before the RCLSAL commissioners, he admitted that he had taken “an oath to the Americans” in 1774, but he had publicly stated that he had not done it voluntarily. The oath was made to “preserve his liberty and property“. After the royal army occupied Rhode Island, the British commander made Wanton the captain of a loyalist company. When the royal forces left the colony in 1779, Wanton went with them to New York City.
The Loyalist left all of his property behind, but took £2,700 with him, which he used to buy a privateer to prey upon rebel ships. However, a French frigate captured his vessel. For the remaining years of the war, Wanton was given an allowance and a house in New York. Sir Guy Carleton, the British commander in chief, made Wanton a commissioner for settling debts “of the value of £10 or upwards” that were owed to departing Loyalists.
The only witness called to substantiate Wanton’s claims was John Halliburton, a Newport doctor and fellow Loyalist. “{Wanton’s} principles were that Great Britain had no right to tax America but the family were never for opposing Great Britain by arms — on the Contrary as soon as the Rebellion was open and avowed they took part with Great Britain and this Gentleman took Arms against the Rebels.”
Wanton’s wartime record and his various connections led the compensation board to recognize him as a Loyalist and awarded him an allowance of £100. Brighter days were ahead for the Rhode Island merchant. He had already been appointed the collector of customs for the recently created colony of New Brunswick.
Wanton’s testimony before the compensation board failed to mention anything regarding his marital status or family. He did refer to his late brother Joseph who was four years his senior and who had died 3 years before the revolution’s end. Wanton testified that he was seeking compensation for his 7 orphaned nephews and nieces. Given the times, it is odd that William would not have been married with children.
His single status would change when he moved to Saint John, New Brunswick. On Saturday, October 8, 1785, the 51 year-old Wanton married 29 year-old Martha Murray in the colony’s capital. Martha was the daughter of John Murray, a Massachusetts Loyalist who eventually became a member of New Brunswick’s executive council as well as a judge.
Later that year, William was one of 7 Loyalists who petitioned the colony’s lieutenant governor to create “an academy or school of liberal arts and sciences“. This was finally realized in the founding of what is now the University of New Brunswick.
There are only a few references to the Wantons’ domestic life. The Wantons lived in a two-story home at the corner of Duke and Germain Streets. A popular man, William was later remembered as “incredibly rich, incredibly fat” and “notorious as a gourmet.” The Loyalist historian Lorenzo Sabine notes that the couple made a trip to England when William was 67 and Martha was 45. As no children are ever mentioned in documents of the era, the Wantons were never parents. At some point over the next few years the Loyalist couple acquired an enslaved African named Buck. At the time of William’s death, he had freed this Black man and bequeathed him $100.00 in his will.
The historian Joshua M. Smith has noted that Wanton saw his position as Saint John’s customs collector as a means to recover his financial losses during the revolution. “Knowing that the province relied on trade, Wanton spent little effort suppressing smuggling. Instead, he quietly collected his fees from shipmasters and merchants who were eager to pay them so long as he ignored their illicit trade.” Wanton’s willingness to turn a blind eye to the illegal trade between Americans and New Brunswickers was extremely profitable: “in his final year in office alone he garnered over £5,500 in fees.”
Wanton’s shady practices came to the attention of at least one Saint John Loyalist, prompting a British commission to look into the Rhode Islanders’ dealings. Says Smith, “The commission found that in 1810 smugglers brought into New Brunswick nearly all the tea; three-quarters of the wine; nine-tenths of spirits such as gin; seven-eighths of all soap and candles; most of the indigo, starch, mustard, tobacco, and East India textiles; and all of the nankeens, sailcloth, cordage and anchors … Yet the Customs Commissioners did not remove Wanton from office, or even reprimand him; they tacitly countenanced his behaviour.”
William Wanton died at the age of 82 on May 30, 1816 and was buried in Saint John’s Old Burial Ground. Despite his illegal activities, his tombstone had the gall to note his occupation as customs collector was an “office He filled with Honour and Integrity upwards of Thirty years … much lamented and respected by his friends and a numerous public.” (A cautionary tale that one not ought to believe everything one reads in a graveyard!)
Martha, Wanton’s widow, was 60 years old at the time of his death. After inheriting his entire estate, she sailed for Exeter, England where she died on October 16, 1824 at the age of 68.
William Wanton was not the only “interesting” Loyalist who fled Rhode Island to find sanctuary outside of the United States. More stories of that colony’s loyal refugees will be featured in next week’s Loyalist Trails.
To secure permission to reprint this article contact the author at

William Sencabaugh, Loyalist: Following the Challenging Research Trail
By Kay Sencabaugh UE, Abegweit Branch
William Sencabaugh, founder of the Sencabaugh family on Prince Edward Island, is a figure shrouded in mystery. Twenty-five years of research have failed to unearth many tangible records of the life of this early settler of Murray Harbour. We cannot prove with certainly where or when he was born, or determine precisely when he died.
While family tradition can seldom be accepted as gospel, it often holds some grains of truth. In the case of William Sencabaugh, the Loyalist, there exists very little even of family tradition. In 1931, John Thomas Sencabaugh, a grandson of William Sencabaugh the Loyalist, wrote a letter to his cousin, Margaret Sencabaugh Reynolds, which read in part

There was a large family of Sencabaughs. My grandfather Sencabaugh came to the Island from New York State and settled in Murray Harbour South…I was born on a farm fronting on the South River and on the other side Fox River. Twenty-five acres of that land was given to my grandfather. He was a Quaker of the same religion as our President and did not believe it was right to fight and kill each other when the United States gained their independence he refused to carry arms. The British government gave him a grant of land and a musket and he settled in Murray Harbour, P.E.I.

While there is no other evidence to suggest that William Sencabaugh was a Quaker, the family tradition of his origin in the American colonies is supported by an earlier statement of his son, James Sencabaugh, father of John Thomas above, who was still living at the time of the 1891 Census of Prince Edward Island. He listed “U.S.” as the place of birth of both his father and his mother. In the 1881 Census, he had stated “German” in response to the question of his family’s national origin.

Read this summary – William Sencabaugh, Loyalist – by Kay which documents some of the challenges in this research – questionable family lore, misinformation in formal records, misspellings and more (4 pages).
William Sencabaugh and his wife Ruhamah raised a family of ten children, eight sons and two daughters. Kay has included details about these ten children and aldo their children as well (6 pages).

The Indispensable Spymaster: George Washington
As commander in chief of the Continental Army, George Washington was much more than a general; he was the chief strategist and operational planner for all the Continental Army’s departments.
So it is no surprise that Washington added to his burden by serving as the Continental Army’s spymaster. It was a job he took most seriously. And why not? He was a trained and practiced surveyor, a profession requiring an understanding of terrain – knowing the land, waters, fields, forests, and mountains. He traveled deep into the American frontier and understood the time and space considerations needed to plan ventures successfully. And most importantly, his career was launched by a spy mission.
In 1753, Virginia’s Governor Robert Dinwiddie sent a young Major Washington to spy on the French outposts deep in the upper Ohio River valley. Washington honed his recruiting skills by engaging the services of experienced guides and interpreters, one of whom was an explorer named Christopher Gist. In the densely forested mountains near the French Fort Duquesne (today’s Pittsburgh), he met a Seneca chief named Half-King, who guided Washington to a meeting with the French. Read more…

Book: Long Island City in 1776: The Revolution Comes to Queens
Author: Richard Melnick (The History Press, 2023)
Review by Michael C. Harris 7 August 2023 in Journal of the American Revolution
This 222-page book serves to highlight the role a portion of Queens borough in New York City played in 1776. Today the area is known as Long Island City, though that name did not come into existence until 1870. A typically neglected area in accounts of the 1776 campaign, Melnick highlights the importance of places and people of western Queens during the American Revolution.
Following the evacuation of Boston, British Gen. William Howe regrouped and reinforced his army for an attack on New York City in 1776. After landing on Long Island, Howe launched his major attack on George Washington’s army in the Battle of Long Island in August. This fighting took place south of the author’s study area. After driving Washington off Long Island, Howe turned his attention to crossing the East River and assaulting Washington’s line on Manhattan Island. Much of the preparation for this phase of the campaign took place in the future Long Island City. Read more…

Book: The Battle of Upper Sandusky, 1782
By Eric Sterner, ‎ Westholme Publishing (June 2, 2023)
In May 1782, Colonel William Crawford led over 450 volunteers across Ohio to attack British-allied Native Americans who had been raiding the frontiers of Pennsylvania and Virginia for years. An experienced, yet reluctant, commander, Crawford and his men clashed with a similarly-sized force of British Rangers, Wyandot, Delaware, and Shawnee Indians on the Sandusky River in early June. After three days, the Americans were routed in one of the worst defeats American arms suffered on the frontier during the American Revolution. During the retreat, Native American warriors captured dozens of men, including Colonel Crawford. Many were horrifically tortured to death in revenge for the Gnadenhutten massacre earlier that spring, when American volunteers bludgeoned nearly one hundred unarmed and unresisting Delaware Indians to death.
The Battle of Upper Sandusky, 1782 places military operations at the forefront of events in the waning months of the American Revolution on the frontier. Importantly, it gives long-deserved credit to Native American leaders, particularly Dunquat of the Wyandot and Hopocan of the Delaware, for their roles and commands on the battlefield. For over two centuries, their victory was attributed to the presence of British Rangers and a few officers, but Dunquat and Hopocan made the critical decisions before and after the battle while Native American warriors constituted the bulk of their army.
The book also reconsiders the effectiveness of American operations. Crawford was an unenthusiastic commander who had to be talked into leading the campaign to help prevent a repeat of the Gnadenhutten massacre. Despite his long service on the frontier and experience in the Continental Army, Crawford failed to unite his ad hoc command, suffered from constant indecision, and could not put his own stamp on the campaign. The unprofessional nature of his army also contributed to its defeat as it lacked organization, experience, leadership, training, and standardization.
The presence of Simon Girty, demonized by Americans on the frontier as a turncoat, and the gruesomeness of Crawford’s execution focused stories about the campaign on those two individuals, rather than the military operations themselves or the Indians who won the victory. Myths were accepted as fact. Afterwards, interest in the campaign and the combatants faded. The Battle of Upper Sandusky, 1782 gives Crawford’s campaign its proper place as one of the largest battles between frontier forces and Native Americans during the Revolutionary War.

Online Exhibit: The Geometry of War: Fortification Plans from 18th-Century America
By The William L. Clements Library
An introduction to the diverse elements of the 18th centory fortifications in America. This onlilne exhibit features examples from the Library’s rich collection of plans and maps.
Fortification . . . is the art of fortifying a town, or other place; or of putting it in such a posture of defence, that every one of its parts defends, and is defended by some other parts, by means of ramparts, parapets, ditches, and other outworks; to the end that a small number of men within may be able to defend themselves for a considerable time against the assaults of a numerous army without; so that the enemy . . . must of necessity suffer great loss.” George Smith, An Universal Military Dictionary (London, 1779)
Visit the online exhibit…

Advertisement 11 August 1773: “Weaver’s Reeds or Shuttles.”
What was advertised in a colonial American newspaper 250 years ago today?
Eighteenth-century readers would have recognized the image that adorned George Lechler’s advertisement in the August 11, 1773, edition of the Pennsylvania Gazette, even though it does not possess the same familiarity for modern readers. Lechler described himself as a “WEAVER AND REED-MAKER.” The image that ran across the top of the notice, a long narrow rectangle divided by vertical lines at close intervals, depicted a reed. As described by the Oxford English Dictionary, a reed is “part of a loom consisting of a set of evenly spaced wires known as dents (originally slender pieces of reed or cane) fastened between two parallel horizontal bars used for separating, or determining the spacing between, the warp threads, and for besting the weft into place.” A reed also aids in guiding a shuttle across the loom. Though the woodcut likely looks like a geometric design to most readers today, colonizers easily recognized a piece of equipment used when weaving. Read more…

Clark versus Livingston: Pettiness, Paper Money, and Elections
by Eric Wiser 10 August 2023 Journal of the American revolution
John Adams said of his Whig contemporaries that they had views as “various as the Colors of their Cloths.”[1] Such was the paradigm in the civil yet often contentious political relationship of Abraham Clark and William Livingston. Both men were, as the saying goes, cursed with being born in interesting times. They were the top political leaders of New Jersey during the tumultuous years of the American Revolution. Hailing from the “second tier” of Founding Fathers, they nonetheless made significant contributions to the establishment of the United States. Livingston believed in strong central government, and Clark believed it tyrannical. However, the shared struggle of asserting America’s rights, defending New Jersey, and winning the war forced them to work together in a common cause. Their differences in the beginning were petty but grew more substantive as time progressed.
Clark was a perennial legislator who served in the Continental Congress and New Jersey state legislature. His ideological opponent Livingston was a member of the First and Second Continental Congresses and the longest serving governor of the Revolution. Clark signed the Declaration of Independence, and Livingston, the Constitution of 1787. Their political rivalry, which started poorly, began as the British were delivering their massive military counterstroke in the vicinity of New York City during the summer of 1776. Read more…

HMS Hector 1782 – an epic of leadership and survival
Posted in the Dawlish Chronicles
Captain Henry Inman (1762 –1809), a noted frigate commander who was in overall command of operations off Dunkirk in 1800 in which the French frigate Désirée was captured in dramatic circumstances. This ship was commissioned into the Royal Navy and Inman was to command her at the Battle of Copenhagen in the following year. Though a man of great ability, Inman’ was to be one of those tragic men whose careers were to be dogged by ill health and he died before achieving his full potential. His most impressive single achievement was however in his youth – he was only twenty years old at the time – and it was characterised by leadership and seamanlike skills of the highest order. This was when he brought HMS Hector through a nightmare of battle and shipwreck – without him, some 200 lives might almost certainly have been lost. Read more…

‌Road Trip 2023: Ste. Geneviève National Historical Park
by Katie Schinabeck August 2023 in Ben Franklin’s World
Claire Casey, a National Park Service interpretative ranger at the Ste. Geneviève National Historical Park, joins us to explore the early American history of Ste. Geneviève, Missouri.
During our exploration, Claire reveals information about the Ste. Geneviève National Historical Park and how Ste. Geneviève became a National Park Service site; Details about early American life in Ste. Geneviève and why the French established this frontier settlement; And, how and why Ste. Geneviève changed imperial hands three times between France, Spain, and the United States. Listen in…

Resource: List of Loyalists Who Settled in Cape Breton NS
Loyalists who settled in Cape Breton that I have ever come across. The author gives an overview of the Loyalist experience in what –at one time– was its own colony — formed at the same time as New Brunswick. Because it is in digital form, it is very easy for the genealogist/historian to do a search for a particular name.
Robert J. Morgan’s article “The Loyalists of Cape Breton” found in the Dalhousie Review, Volume 55, Number 1, 1975: <>

Loyalists and descendants who participated in the War of 1812
Did you know?

During the period of commemoration of the War of 1812, on the occasion of its bicentenary, we created this page dedicated to Loyalists and the sons and daughters of Loyalists who participated in the War of 1812.

It was a pleasure to receive a new entry for Daniel Lightheart submitted by Mike Lobb, husband of Ruthanne (Russell) Lobb UE, 5th great granddaughter of Daniel Lightheart, UE

Submissions are still welcome. Send up to 500 words describing the Loyalist’s experience or participation in the war, and where settled before and afterward, to Please reference both the Loyalist experience, perhaps to a lesser degree, along with the 1812 history.

Loyalist Certificates Issued
The publicly available list of certificates issued since 2012 is now updated to end of July 31, 2023.
When a certificate is added there, it is also recorded in the record for the Loyalist Ancestor in the Loyalist Directory.

UELAC Loyalist Directory: New Contributions
Entries which have been added, or revised, this week, with thanks:

If you are willing to submit some information, send a note to All help is appreciated. …doug

In the News

Choosing a Norwood ON Fair Ambassador: Connie Brummel Crook
By Jeff Dornan 9 August 2023 in Pterborough Examiner
The Norwood Fair chooses its 50th Fair Ambassador on Sunday, Aug. 13. The predecessor of this annual competition however dates back to 1947, when the fair first held a Beauty and Talent Show. Winning that first contest was a team of three girls from Norwood, from left, Eileen Steele, Connie Brummel and Yvonne Chennell. Read more with photo…

Robert McBride UE notes: “I immediately saw that one of the three young ladies was our very own Connie Brummel Crook UE, then known as simply as Connie Brummel, and who was my Grade 9 English teacher at Peterborough Collegiate and Vocational School (P.C.V.S.). Connie’s Loyalist ancestors were Captain John Walden Meyers UE, Jessup’s Rangers, and Daniel Carr UE.”

Connie is a long-time member of Kawartha Branch. She taught English in Ontario’s public secondary schools for thirty years. Connie decided to write historical fiction in the hope of bringing to life our own Canadian heritage for students in the classroom. Only one of her fifteen published books is out of print, and most have gone to several printings. Flight, Meyers’ Creek, and Meyers’ Rebellion, stories in her Meyers family saga, are going to electronic format as ebooks.

Loyalist club meets in Oak Bay [Victoria BC] to mark 230th anniversary
By Bailey Moreton Jul 25, 2023 Oak Bay News
July 22 is 230 years since the first Loyalist descendant, Alexander MacKenzie, arrived in B.C.
When he first arrived in British Columbia 230 years and two days ago, Scottish explorer Alexander MacKenzie probably did not imagine groups would still be gathering two centuries later to mark the occasion.
But that’s exactly what the United Empire Loyalists’ Association of Canada Victoria did at Willows Beach Park in Oak Bay on Saturday (July 22).
Branch president Mike Woodcock and town crier Ben Buss were in the park giving a talk to members about the history of Loyalists. Read more with photo…

Uncorked: The story behind Saint John City Market’s hidden gem

How two Saint John sisters are sharing the flavours of New Brunswick in the heart of the city
By Vanessa Chiasson 25 July 2023
When Gilliane and Nathalie Nadeau decided to take their passion for New Brunswick wine, beer, and spirits to the next level, they were determined that nothing would stand in their way. There was just one problem. Something was in their way, and it was the wall of a National Historic Site.
The Saint John sisters are the force behind Uncorked, a beverage-focused tour company which aims to share the flavours of New Brunswick one glass at a time. As Uncorked’s popularity grew, the Nadeaus investigated the possibility of establishing a tasting room of their own. Setting up shop in the Saint John City Market seemed like the natural choice. The City Market is conveniently located in uptown Saint John (“uptown” being the local lingo for downtown). Its clientele are passionate foodies who care about local makers and producers. However, it’s also a beloved heritage property and that meant navigating a labyrinth of rules and regulations. Read more…

Upcoming Events

American Revolution Institute: William Hunter: A British Soldier’s Son Who Became an Early American

August 15, 2023 @ 6:30 pm – 8:30 pm
The son of a British soldier, William Hunter accompanied his father, a non-commissioned officer in the British army’s 26th Regiment of Foot, while on campaign during the American Revolution. Throughout the war, Hunter witnessed the first-hand terrors of combat, was captured twice, and produced the only surviving account written by a child of a British soldier. Historian Euguene Procknow discusses his experiences during the Revolution and how they influenced him to become a prominent citizen of the United States in the early years of the republic. More and Registration…

Bus Trip: After Yorktown: The Continental Army in the Hudson Valley, George Washington and the Newburgh Conspiracy Sept 30, 2023

After the American-French victory at Yorktown on October 19, 1781, George Washington moved the Continental Army back to upstate New York because British forces under Sir Henry Clinton still occupied New York City. Washington’s army encamped near Newburgh, New York where the general established his headquarters.
From his Hudson Highlands stronghold, General Washington kept a wary eye on the British in New York City, 60 miles away. One Day bus tour, details and tickets…

From the Twittersphere and Beyond

  • Townsends
  • This week in History
    • Aug 8, 1773, Spain’s king extended the date for taking pre-1772 gold & silver coins out of circulation. This affected Britain’s colonies since much of the hard money circulating in North America was Spanish, not British
    • 10 Aug 1774 Boston, MA. The Massachusetts delegation to the 1st Continental Congress departed for Philadelphia. Delegates included Samuel Adams, John Adams, Thomas Cushing & Robert Treat Paine.
    • 11 Aug 1775 Gen Washington wrote Gage about captured Patriot soldiers mistreated by the British. He threatened to treat captured British in kind (he never did). Yet in NY, the Sugar House & Prison Ships, thousands died in unimaginably squalid conditions.
    • 12 Aug 1776, Gen George Washington wrote Gen Charles Lee that the Continental Army’s situation had deteriorated due to an outbreak of smallpox & desertions. Washington feared the British navy might blockade NYC, isolating it from other states.
    • 10 Aug 1777 Gen Phillip Schuyler dispatches an 800-strong force from Stillwater, NY, to relieve the beleaguered garrison at Ft Stanwix. Some A-Teamers leading it: Gen Benedict Arnold and Ebenezer Learned.
    • 11 Aug 1777 British Gen Burgoyne dispatches a mixed brigade of Germans, Loyalists & Indians under Lt Col Friedrich Baum to seize needed supplies at Bennington VT
    • August 9, 1778, in weeks prior to the Battle of Rhode Island, about 11,000 Continental Army troops began with the crossing at Howland’s Ferry in Portsmouth. By the end of the afternoon, several small boats had ferried thousands of soldiers onto Aquidneck Island.
    • 11 Aug 1779 Penobscot, MA ( today ME) Gen Solomon Lovell’s 250 MA militia seize abandoned British works to lure defenders from Ft George. A detachment of 55 British soldiers sally from the fort & disperses the militia
  • Clothing and Related:
    • Bright good morning to you. Benjamin Stuart’s 1753 crewel pocketbook: wool on linen with a bright yellow gold silk (possibly Chinese) lining. The colors are vibrant—a delight! From @MHS1791
    • LOOK at the pins at center front! We always say women were often pinned into their gowns but here we see how it’s done. Trust a female artist to notice such things? Painted by Sarah Bushnell Perkins (1771-1831) of Plainfield, Ct, c1790.
    • the family home has been in the Cotswolds for the last 43 years, origin of this young girl’s brocaded silk dress, dated by predecessor to about 1780. This might well be a bridal pincushion from the same family. The cornucopia is picked out in steel pins on white satin with initials S.L. for Samuel Lavington and M.L. for Mary Lavington with the date, 1764. The family had associations with Wells in Somerset.
    • Thankful for the sunshine with this beautifully light 18th Century summer dress, robe à l’anglaise of cotton and flax, c.1780
    • Pretty in pink! 18th Century Robe à la Française showcasing the sack back synonymous with the style. c.1775
    • I absolutely love this French, painted silk Robe à la Polonaise, c.1780. It’s so pretty and summery, perfect to turn some heads on a turn about the park!
    • 18th Century men’s coat of lilac silk, c.1795
  • Miscellaneous
    • And here is a little bit of the hustle: Mrs Fitzherbert and Prince George on their (secret) wedding night, 1786. (scroll down, 2nd photo)
    • During the 18th century, the increasing popularity of snuff, a powdered tobacco product that was inhaled, led to the development of snuffboxes. These small, ornate containers provided a convenient and fashionable means of carrying and offering snuff during social interactions.


Last Post: TEED, Valerie Anne T (nee Bowditch) August 16, 1945 – July 25, 2023
It is with a great deal of sadness that we announce the passing of Valerie Anne Teed (Bowditch), daughter of the late Raymond and Claire Bowditch.
She is survived by her husband George Teed, son Simon Teed (Stephanie), daughter Sarah Teed, sister Kate Hoos (Rick), brother Peter Bowditch (Lynn) and four grandsons Jack, Nicolas, Nate and Peter.
Val was born in Trinidad and lived in England and Canada. She graduated from University of King’s College (1965) (BA) and Dalhousie University (1966) (B.Ed.) at the age of 20.
Married in 1968 to George Teed.
She was a writer, researcher and author of two books: “Uncle CY’s War” and “Mr. Diggle’s Dream”. Val compiled and wrote various Teed/Harrison genealogical publications. The largest undertaking was the writing of “Minote 100 Years”.
She was an enthusiastic partner in “Ancestors NB”. With Sandra Thorne they successfully pieced together family histories for many clients from the Rocky Mountaineer to the United Empire Loyalists.
More details about Valerie, service etc

Published by the UELAC
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